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The separation of the major stratum corneum lipids, i.e., ceramides, fatty acids, cholesterol and its esters by means of high-performance thin-layer chromatography is hereby presented. The used automated multiple development technique allows the reproducible development of a 17-step solvent gradient also capable of separating seven ceramide classes in the(More)
The molecular mechanisms of skin adaptation to the environmental stress are poorly understood. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt) lies at the intersection of several crucial adaptive pathways. Nevertheless, its role in adaptation of the skin to environmental stress has just begun to be unraveled. Here we show that Arnt is expressed in(More)
Many lipidomic approaches focus on investigating aspects of sphingolipid metabolism. Special emphasis is put on neutral sphingolipids and cholesterol and their interaction. Such an interest is attributed to the fact that those lipids are altered in a series of serious disorders including various sphingolipidoses. High performance thin-layer chromatography(More)
Cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) can be formed in the body or in animal foods from cholesterol during food processing. A new method for the extraction and quantification of cholesterol, 7-ketocholesterol, cholestane-3beta-5alpha-6beta-triol, 25-hydroxycholesterol, 5,6alpha-epoxycholesterol, and 7beta-hydroxycholesterol by means of reversed-phase(More)
Ceramides are sphingolipids consisting of sphingoidbases, which are amide-linked to fatty acids. In the stratum corneum, they represent the major constituent of the free extractable intercellular lipids and play a significant role in maintaining and structuring the water permeability barrier of the skin. Using thin layer chromatography, which represents the(More)
Numerous peptides obtained by enzymatic digestion of food proteins have been reported to exhibit biological activities. In this study, the focus was placed on peptides of beta-casein from bovine milk after a gastro-analogous in vitro digestion with pepsin, a protease with broad specificity. In order to study the time course of the digestion, the process was(More)
In this study positive ESI tandem mass spectra of the [M + H]+ ions of morphinan alkaloids obtained using an ion trap MS were compared with those from a triple quadrupole MS. This allows to assess the differences of the tandem-in-time versus the tandem-in-space principle, often hampering the development of ESI MS/MS libraries. Fragmentation pathways and(More)
Suitable analytical methods are a prerequisite of a detailed investigation of ceramides. Therefore, a new gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry method with electron impact ionization was developed. Samples have been prepared for gas chromatography by the formation of volatile trimethylsilyl derivatives. The method provides high separation efficiency,(More)
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids found in the Papaveraceae family play a major role in pharmaceutical biology. This is the first systematic study dealing with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) of all benzylisoquinolines found as biogenetic precursors of morphinan alkaloids. Tandem mass spectral data are presented for norlaudanosoline,(More)
In a recent report, it was claimed that azuki beans (Vigna angularis) do not synthesize phytochelatins (PCs) upon exposure to cadmium, although glutathione (GSH), the substrate for PC synthesis, is present in this plant. This legume species thus would be the first exception in the plant kingdom that would fail to complex heavy metals by PCs. Here, we report(More)