Klaus Radsak

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We have investigated by electron microscopy the envelopment of progeny human cytomegalovirus particles and vaccinia virus particles. As host cells we used primary human foreskin fibroblasts, in which both viruses replicate, and also AtT20 cells in which vaccinia virus, but not human cytomegalovirus, replicates. As we show here, primary human foreskin(More)
Herpesvirus maturation requires translocation of glycoprotein B homologue from the endoplasmic reticulum to the inner nuclear membrane. Glycoprotein B of human cytomegalovirus was used in this context as a model protein. To identify a specific signal sequence within human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B acting in a modular fashion, coding sequences were(More)
A polyclonal antiserum, raised against a pp71 fusion protein, was prepared in order to investigate the biosynthesis and localization of the matrix protein pp71 of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), the UL82 gene product, during the HCMV infectious cycle in human fibroblasts. Transcription of the pp71-specific bicistronic 4.0 kb mRNA and pp71 biosynthesis(More)
By alignment to the carboxy-terminal-deduced aa sequence of human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B (gB), conserved hexameric aa motifs with putative function for localization in the inner nuclear membrane (INM) were identified in the nucleoplasmic tails of herpes simplex virus type 1 gB and of the cellular lamin B receptor. Fusion of the respective hexamers(More)
A novel fusion assay was established to determine fusion activity with cocultivated human foreskin fibroblasts of stable transfectants derived from human astrocytoma cells (U373) expressing authentic or mutagenized human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B (HCMV gB; gpUL55). Compared to transfectants expressing authentic HCMV gB, those expressing gB forms with a(More)
Glycoprotein B (gB) of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), which is considered essential for the viral life cycle, is proteolytically processed during maturation. Since gB homologues of several other herpesviruses remain uncleaved, the relevance of this property of HCMV gB for viral infectivity is unclear. Here we report on the construction of a viral mutant in(More)
Permanent cell lines showing homogeneous constitutive expression of glycoprotein B (gpUL55; gB) of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) were selected, in the presence of geneticin, from human astrocytoma cells (U373) after transfection with recombinant pRC/CMV-gB carrying the complete coding sequence for HCMV gB and for aminoglycoside phosphotransferase. The(More)
Monensin, at concentrations which depended on the multiplicity of infection, was found to prevent DNA replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) as well as production of viral progeny in human foreskin fibroblasts. The drug did not affect DNA replication of herpes simplex virus. Inhibition of consecutive HCMV DNA synthesis was also observed following(More)
Infected cell proteins immunoprecipitated from human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-infected fibroblasts with glycoprotein H (gH)-specific conformation-dependent monoclonal antibody (mab 14-4 b) were found to consist of three components of 86 kDa, 89 kDa, and 125 kDa (gp 86, 89, and 125). Affinity purified antibodies from human convalescent serum reactive with an(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA) was found to interfere with specific events of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) maturation in human fibroblasts. Ultrastructural as well as biochemical studies suggested that short-term exposure of infected cultures to BFA during the late infectious cycle primarily prevented Golgi-dependent processes, e.g. envelopment of naked cytoplasmic(More)