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BACKGROUND Some patients awaken from coma (that is, open the eyes) but remain unresponsive (that is, only showing reflex movements without response to command). This syndrome has been coined vegetative state. We here present a new name for this challenging neurological condition: unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (abbreviated UWS). DISCUSSION Many(More)
In 1999, a Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) was set up under the auspices of the European Federation of Neurological Societies. Its aim was to propose an acceptable uniform nomenclature for MTBI and definition of MTBI, and to develop a set of rules to guide initial management with respect to ancillary investigations, hospital admission,(More)
Glioneuronal tumors with neuropil-like islands (rosetted glioneuronal tumors) were recently reported as a novel brain tumor entity with characteristic clinicopathological features (Am J Surg Pathol 23: 502, 1999). Here we describe the clinical, histological and genetic features of another case arising in the parietal lobe of a 43-year-old man suffering from(More)
  • E Berendes, M Walter, P Cullen, T Prien, H Van Aken, J Horsthemke +3 others
  • 1997
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid haemorrhage is commonly associated with natriuresis and hyponatraemia. One possible explanation for these features is a defect in the central regulation of renal sodium reabsorption with increased secretion of a natriuretic factor. We investigated whether excess sodium secretion in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage is related to(More)
Paraplegia means a live long sentence of sensory loss, paralysis and dependence with approximately 1000 new victims in every European country every year and 11.500 new traumatic SCI cases in the US. respectively. Sixty percent are injured before age 30. More than 90% of SCI victims may survive with nearly normal experience of live. Most patients will(More)
In 2002, Bryan Jennett chose the caption "A syndrome in search of a name" for the first chapter of his book "The vegetative state--medical facts, ethical and legal dilemmas", which, in summary, can be taken as his legacy. Jennett coined the term "VegetativeState" (VS), which became the preferential name for the syndrome of wakeful unresponsiveness in the(More)
Two supratentorial desmoplastic gangliogliomas arising in a 15-year-old boy and a 25-year-old man are reported. Both tumors reached the brain surface and exhibited large cysts. They showed intense desmoplasia and tumor cells of astrocytic and ganglionic differentiation. In one case the ganglionic nature was only demonstrable by immunohistochemistry. Such(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of injury-related death. In the United States alone, an estimated 1.7 million people sustain a TBI each year, and approximately 5.3 million people live with a TBI-related disability. The direct medical costs and indirect costs such as lost productivity of TBIs totaled an estimated $76.5 billion in(More)
INTRODUCTION Little is known about the ratio of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) to moderate and severe TBI, about the time that elapses until primary care is given, about the number of patients requiring immediate surgery and about the early outcome and the costs. METHOD In a prospective study two regions taken as model examples were investigated: the(More)