Klaus Poenicke

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The aim of this study was to characterize the receptor subtype involved in cardiac effects of prostanoids. For this purpose we determined in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes effects of prostanoids on inositol phosphate (InsP)-formation (assessed as accumulation of total [(3)H]-InsP's in myo-[(3)H]-inositol pre-labelled cells) and on rate of protein(More)
It is well-documented that melatonin influences insulin secretion. The effects are mediated by specific, high-affinity, pertussis-toxin-sensitive, G protein-coupled membrane receptors (MT(1) as well MT(2)), which are present in both the pancreatic tissue and islets of rats and humans, as well as in rat insulinoma cells (INS1). Via the(More)
In adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes, noradrenaline exerts dual effects on protein synthesis: increases via alpha(1)-adrenoceptors and decreases via beta(1)-adrenoceptors. Carvedilol and bucindolol are beta-blockers with additional alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blocking activities. We studied the effects of carvedilol and bucindolol on noradrenaline-induced(More)
1. Angiotensin II (AII) and the endothelins (ET) are known to be potent trophic stimuli in various cells including cardiomyocytes. In order to characterize further these effects we studied, in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes, the effects of several endothelin-receptor antagonists and the AT1-receptor antagonist losartan on AII- and(More)
OBJECTIVES The study investigated whether beta-adrenoceptor antagonists augment the hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes evoked by norepinephrine. BACKGROUND In adult ventricular cardiomyocytes, stimulation of alpha- but not beta-adrenoceptors induces myocardial hypertrophy. Natural catecholamines, like norepinephrine, stimulate simultaneously alpha-(More)
AIMS It is not well understood why the amplitude of melatonin rhythms is reduced in diabetic animals and humans. This paper addresses the differences in the pineal melatonin synthesis of type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats compared to non-diabetic Wistar rats (8 and 50 weeks old). MAIN METHODS Plasma melatonin concentrations and the pineal content of(More)
In the human heart, as in the heart of several other species, muscarinic receptors are predominantly of the M2-subtype that couple via a pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi-protein to inhibit adenylyl cyclase. However, it is not clear whether an additional muscarinic receptor subtype exists in the human heart. In human right atrium, stimulation of muscarinic M2(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) exerts pleiotropic effects in the human cardiovascular system. Some of the effects are thought to be mediated via 5-HT(4) receptors, which are expressed in the human atrium and in ventricular tissue. However, a true animal model to study these receptors in more detail has been hitherto lacking. Therefore, we generated, for the first time, a(More)
1 Muscarinic receptors (M-receptors) in the mammalian heart are predominantly of the M(2)-subtype. The aim of this study was to find out whether there might exist an additional myocardial non-M(2)-receptor. 2 For this purpose, we assessed, in adult rat isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes, carbachol-induced [(3)H]-inositol phosphate (IP) formation, and its(More)
The release of histamine, eicosanoids and catecholamines were measured after induction of anaphylaxis in isolated guinea-pig hearts. The concentration-time profile of these mediators was compared with changes of cardiac parameters. The histamine and catecholamine levels of the coronary effluent were determined at 10 s intervals; thromboxane and prostacyclin(More)