Klaus Pfizenmaier

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A single mouse click on the topic tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in PubMed reveals about 50,000 articles providing one or the other information about this pleiotropic cytokine or its relatives. This demonstrates the enormous scientific and clinical interest in elucidating the biology of a molecule (or rather a large family of molecules), which began now almost(More)
The 60 kDa tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR60) is regarded as the major signal transducer of TNF-induced cellular responses, whereas the signal capacity and role of the 80 kDa TNFR (TNFR80) remain largely undefined. We show here that the transmembrane form of TNF is superior to soluble TNF in activating TNFR80 in various systems such as T cell(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important factor in various acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders. In retinal ischemia, we show early, transient upregulation of TNF, TNF receptor 1 (TNF-R1), and TNF-R2 6 hr after reperfusion preceding neuronal cell loss. To assess the specific role of TNF and its receptors, we compared ischemia-reperfusion-induced(More)
We have isolated the full-length cDNA of a novel human serine/threonine protein kinase gene. The deduced protein sequence shows strong homology to conserved domains of members of the protein kinase C (PKC) subfamily. Homologies reside in the duplex zinc-finger-like cysteine-rich motif and in the protein kinase domain. The lack of the C2 domain of the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) stimulates a number of signal transduction pathways in which phospholipases produce lipid second messengers. However, the immediate molecular targets of these messengers, in particular those of ceramide and arachidonic acid (AA) and their role in TNF signaling are not well defined. In this study we investigated the(More)
We have previously shown that two tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors (TNFR) exhibit antagonistic functions during neurodegenerative processes in vivo with TNFR1 aggravating and TNFR2 reducing neuronal cell loss, respectively. To elucidate the neuroprotective signaling pathways of TNFR2, we investigated glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in primary cortical(More)
Protein kinase D (PKD) regulates the fission of vesicles originating from the trans-Golgi network. We show that phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIbeta (PI4KIIIbeta) - a key player in the structure and function of the Golgi complex - is a physiological substrate of PKD. Of the three PKD isoforms, only PKD1 and PKD2 phosphorylated PI4KIIIbeta at a motif that(More)
The expression of specific tumor necrosis factor (TNF) membrane receptors and biological effects of recombinant TNF (rTNF)-alpha on normal human T lymphocytes were studied. Although resting T cells lacked specific binding capacity for rTNF-alpha, high affinity (Kd 70 pM) TNF receptors were de novo induced upon primary activation of T cells. Comparison of(More)
One of the hallmarks in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the intense activation of the monocyte-macrophage system. In the present investigation, the modulation of blood monocyte activation was studied with regard to the secretion of cytokines and inflammatory mediators, and to the expression of cytokine receptors. Patients with severe active RA underwent(More)
Protein kinase D (PKD) has been identified as a crucial regulator of secretory transport at the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Recruitment and activation of PKD at the TGN is mediated by the lipid diacylglycerol, a pool of which is generated by sphingomyelin synthase from ceramide and phosphatidylcholine. The nonvesicular transfer of ceramide from the(More)