Klaus-Peter Zeller

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Pharmacokinetics were studied in relation to hepatic side-effects in 20 patients (19 adults aged 18-53 years and one child of 11 years) undergoing BMT after conditioning with 1 mg/kg busulfan (every 6 hours for 16 doses). Busulfan was quantitated in plasma samples at 10 time points within the 6 h dosing interval using HPLC before and after dose numbers 1,(More)
Mitoxantrone, a cytotoxic anthracenedione derivative, has given clinical evidence of beneficial activity in breast cancer, lymphoma and leukaemia. Several different mechanisms of action have been suggested to account for this. In addition to intercalation, biological effects such as electrostatic interactions with DNA, DNA-protein cross-links,(More)
Recent studies of our group have shown that the oxidation of the substituted anthraquinone skeleton is involved in the biotransformation of mitoxantrone. In this report the importance of this process with regard to the mode of action of the drug is investigated. This communication describes a new high performance liquid chromatography separation for(More)
A new metabolite of mitoxantrone in human, rat, and pig urine has been discovered by means of HPLC. The metabolite has been isolated by preparative HPLC from patient urine and is characterized by tandem mass spectrometry and UV-visible spectroscopy as 8,11-dihydroxy-4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-6-[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl](More)
In a canine model we investigated the toxicity and pharmacokinetics of a water soluble busulfan preparation. Busulfan was dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and administered either orally or intravenously in a single dose of 1 mg/kg. The application in either preparation was well tolerated. In seven dogs, peak levels in the range of 730 ng/mL to 1,000(More)
The product pattern found for the dimethyldioxirane-mediated oxidation of phenylethyne strongly depends on the reaction conditions. Dimethyldioxirane generated in situ from caroate (HSO(5)(-)) and acetone in acetonitrile-water furnishes phenylacetic acid as the main product. With solutions of dimethyldioxirane in acetone, mandelic acid and phenylacetic acid(More)
The aerial part of Leptadenia arborea has been shown to contain pinoresinol (1), syringaresinol (2), leucanthemitol (3) and E-ferulaldehyde (4). These known compounds are being reported for the first time from this plant. Among them, syringaresinol has shown an inhibitory effect against acetylcholinesterase. The IC(50) (the concentration of 50% enzyme(More)
Investigation of Capparis spinosa of Jordanian origin lead to isolation of two new compounds beta-sitosterylglucoside-6'-octadecanoate (1) and 3-methyl-2-butenyl-beta-glucoside (2). Linked Scan MS measurements were used to propose a mass fragmentation pattern for the alkaloid Cadabicine isolated here for the second time from nature.
The anticancer drug 7,10-dihydroxy-2-[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]- ethyl]-5-[[2-(methylamino)ethyl]amino]anthra[1,9-c,d]pyrazole- 6(2H)-one dihydrochloride (CI-937) is 1 of 3 anthrapyrazole derivatives chosen for phase I and phase II clinical trials. Although the chemical structure of CI-937 signals a contribution of redox reactions in the pharmacology of the(More)