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RATIONALE The endogenous cannabinoid system plays a vital role in the control of nausea and emesis. Because of the rapid breakdown and hydrolysis of endocannabinoids, such as anandamide, the therapeutic effects may be enhanced by prolonging their duration of action. OBJECTIVE The present experiment evaluated the potential of various doses of URB597, a(More)
A substantial body of evidence has accumulated showing that exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) affects pain sensitivity (nociception) and pain inhibition (analgesia). Consistent inhibitory effects of acute exposures to various EMFs on analgesia have been demonstrated in most studies. This renders examinations of changes in the expression of analgesia(More)
Propionic acid (PPA) is a dietary short chain fatty acid and a metabolic end-product of enteric bacteria. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of PPA can result in brain and behavioral abnormalities in rats similar to those seen in humans suffering from autism. To evaluate cognition and sensorimotor ability in the PPA model, male Long-Evans hooded rats(More)
Clinical observations suggest that certain gut and dietary factors may transiently worsen symptoms in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), epilepsy and some inheritable metabolic disorders. Propionic acid (PPA) is a short chain fatty acid and an important intermediate of cellular metabolism. PPA is also a by-product of a subpopulation of human gut(More)
Administration of bacterial agents, such as muramyl dipeptide (MDP) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), induces a number of illness symptoms including decreased locomotor activity and weight loss. This study provides a detailed multivariate assessment of the effects of repeated exposures of various doses of MDP and LPS, alone and in combination, on various aspects(More)
Research has shown that acute immune activation during the early postnatal period with the Gram-negative endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), alters a variety of physiological and behavioural processes in the adult animal. For example, neonatal LPS exposure affects disease susceptibility later in life, though these effects appear to be modulated by time of(More)
Recent evidence suggests that a variety of environmental factors, including dietary and gastrointestinal agents, may contribute to autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here we administered propionic acid (PPA), a short chain fatty acid that is used as a food preservative and also is a metabolic end-product of enteric bacteria in the gut, to adolescent (41 ± 4(More)
Following one or more chemotherapy treatments, many patients report that they experience anticipatory nausea. This phase of nausea has been interpreted as a classically conditioned response where a conditional association develops between the contextual clinic cues and the nausea and/or vomiting that developed following treatment. Although rats do not(More)
Sensitization of dopaminergic neural reward circuits has been hypothesized to be involved in the development of drug addiction. Highly palatable foods activate these same brain areas, specifically the nucleus accumbens. In this study, the effects of a highly palatable food (sucrose) on these circuits were investigated using the dopamine D(2)/D(3) receptor(More)
Acute administration of corticosterone (CORT) facilitates learning in a number of associative paradigms including lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced conditioned taste aversion learning. The present study examined the effects of acute CORT on LiCl-induced conditioned place aversions in male rats. Automated open-fields were partitioned into two chambers distinct(More)