Learn More
RATIONALE The endogenous cannabinoid system plays a vital role in the control of nausea and emesis. Because of the rapid breakdown and hydrolysis of endocannabinoids, such as anandamide, the therapeutic effects may be enhanced by prolonging their duration of action. OBJECTIVE The present experiment evaluated the potential of various doses of URB597, a(More)
A substantial body of evidence has accumulated showing that exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) affects pain sensitivity (nociception) and pain inhibition (analgesia). Consistent inhibitory effects of acute exposures to various EMFs on analgesia have been demonstrated in most studies. This renders examinations of changes in the expression of analgesia(More)
In two experiments albino rats were injected i.p. with various doses of taurine and their subsequent behavior in an open-field apparatus was observed. Increasing doses of taurine significantly decreased ambulation levels, increased latency scores, and increased thigmotaxis (‘wall-hugging’ behavior). In general, 50 mg/kg or more of taurine was required to(More)
Propionic acid (PPA) is a dietary short chain fatty acid and a metabolic end-product of enteric bacteria. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of PPA can result in brain and behavioral abnormalities in rats similar to those seen in humans suffering from autism. To evaluate cognition and sensorimotor ability in the PPA model, male Long-Evans hooded rats(More)
Administration of bacterial agents, such as muramyl dipeptide (MDP) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), induces a number of illness symptoms including decreased locomotor activity and weight loss. This study provides a detailed multivariate assessment of the effects of repeated exposures of various doses of MDP and LPS, alone and in combination, on various aspects(More)
Research has shown that acute immune activation during the early postnatal period with the Gram-negative endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), alters a variety of physiological and behavioural processes in the adult animal. For example, neonatal LPS exposure affects disease susceptibility later in life, though these effects appear to be modulated by time of(More)
Clinical observations suggest that certain gut and dietary factors may transiently worsen symptoms in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), epilepsy and some inheritable metabolic disorders. Propionic acid (PPA) is a short chain fatty acid and an important intermediate of cellular metabolism. PPA is also a by-product of a subpopulation of human gut(More)
The present study examined the multi-variable locomotor activity effects of lithium chloride (LiCl) treatment in male rats. Of interest was a determination of which variables might show a dose-response relationship in LiCl-induced conditioned place aversions. Automated open-fields were partitioned into two chambers distinct in tactile and visual cues. A(More)
There is much debate on how immune activation affects cognitive processing. Research has shown that stimulation of the immune system can significantly impair, have no adverse effects, or enhance learning and memory processes in animals. The present experiment evaluated the effects of the bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the acquisition of a(More)
This study examined whether rats can simultaneously learn to associate lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced nausea with both contextual and intravascular taste cues. During the conditioning phase (4 days, 72h apart), 32 male Long Evans rats were injected intraperitoneally with either isotonic saline (NaCl), lithium chloride (LiCl, 127mg/kg), saline plus 2%(More)