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Behavioural testing can reveal effects in scrapie-infected mice long before overt clinical signs appear (Betmouni et al., 1999, Psychobiology, 27, 63-71). These effects may be partly attributable to an early, atypical inflammatory response in the brain (Betmouni et al., 1996, Neuroscience, 74, 1-5). The present study replicated and extended these findings,(More)
For bone development, remodeling, and repair; the recruitment of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPC) and their differentiation to osteoblasts is mandatory. The process of migration is believed to be regulated in part by growth factors stored within the bone matrix and released by bone resorption. In this study, primary human MPCs and to osteoblasts(More)
UNLABELLED Early failures after hip resurfacing often are the result of technical errors in placing the femoral component. We asked whether image-free computer navigation decreased the number of outliers compared with the conventional nonnavigated technique. We retrospectively compared 51 consecutive hip resurfacings performed using image-free computer(More)
Many factors complicate the effort for a recommendation on individual vitamin requirements in CRF. On the basis of our present incomplete knowledge about the handling of vitamins in uremia, suggestions for appropriate supplementation only of water-soluble vitamins are given. Patients with advanced CRF without dialysis treatment should receive daily(More)
13 patients, who had been subjected to hemoperfusion with Amberlite XAD-4 resin (Haemoresin, Fa. Braun), because of acute intoxications, were examined for the adsorption of bioactive material from the blood. A mean treatment period of four hours at a blood flow rate of 200 ml/min. resulted in a marked thrombocyte decrease by 43% and changes in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the inter-observer and intra-observer reliability of two commonly used radiographic classification systems in the evaluation of hip dysplasia in skeletally mature adults. DESIGN Three observers with different levels of training independently classified 62 dysplastic hips on 51 standard anteriorposterior pelvis radiographs according to(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the biocompatibility, degradation, and biomechanical properties of beta-TCP (Cerasorb) in a weight-bearing sheep model. beta-TCP implant prototypes were implanted in the tibial head of adult merino sheep. After 6 and 12 months material explants were harvested for biomechanical, histological, and histomorphometrical(More)
In an uncontrolled study, 22 dialysis patients (46 +/- 14 years, duration of dialysis 20 +/- 11 months) were treated with CaCO3 over a period of up to 3 years to lower their serum phosphate. The use of 4.5-9 g CaCO3 daily over a period of 9 months led to a reduction of mean serum phosphate from 2.51 to 1.51 mmol/l in 77% of patients, with a simultaneous(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) on proteoglycan (PG) concentration in alginate cultures of human osteoarthritic chondrocytes and to analyze whether HA exhibit anti-degradative effects in the presence of the cytokine IL-1beta. METHODS Cartilage samples from ten patients with osteoarthritis of the knee were harvested and(More)
The performance of a membrane in renal failure therapy is determined by its structure, its overall mass transfer properties, and its blood compatibility. In this regard, removal of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) has become a major objective of dialysis therapy. In the present study, a newly developed high-flux membrane composed of a polyester-polymer alloy(More)