Klaus Olgaard

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Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism are prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are an important cause of morbidity, decreased quality of life, and extraskeletal calcification that have been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. These disturbances have traditionally been termed renal osteodystrophy and classified based on bone(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic bone disease might commence early in the course of renal failure. This study therefore examined the frequency and severity of the skeletal changes in predialysis chronic renal failure by measurements of bone mineral density (BMD), biochemical markers of bone turnover (osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, carboxy terminal(More)
Cardiovascular mortality is 10 to 20 times increased in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Risk factors for atherosclerosis are abundant in patients with CRF. However, the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in CRF remains to be elucidated. The effect of CRF on the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient male mice was(More)
BACKGROUND Low birth weight is an important risk factor for hypertension and unfavorable prognoses of a number of renal diseases. It is also associated with reduced kidney size and nephron number. A differentiation between the effects of low birth weight versus being born premature or small for gestational age has, however, not been addressed. METHODS The(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC) isozymes are key signaling proteins downstream of many extracellular stimuli. Here we show that naive human T cells had very low expression of PLC-γ1 and that this correlated with low T cell antigen receptor (TCR) responsiveness in naive T cells. However, TCR triggering led to an upregulation of ∼75-fold in PLC-γ1 expression, which(More)
In advanced uremia, parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels should be controlled at a moderately elevated level in order to promote normal bone turnover. As such, a certain degree of parathyroid gland (PG) hyperplasia has to be accepted. No convincing evidence of apoptosis or of involution of PG hyperplasia exists. However, even considerable parathyroid(More)
The principal regulator of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is ionized calcium, but other factors are also known to modulate PTH secretion, such as vitamin D, estrogen, and recently inorganic phosphate. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) possesses a wide variety of biological activities and is produced by leukocytes as well as by various other cells including cells(More)
Under the auspices of the European Renal Best Practice, a group of European nephrologists, not serving on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) working group, but with significant clinical and research interests and expertise in these areas, was invited to examine and critique the Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder KDIGO(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to the regulation of calcium homeostasis, vitamin D affects the cellular immune system, targets the TNF-alpha pathway and increases vasoconstrictor response to angiotensin II. We therefore examined the effect of 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D(3) on coagulation and organ failure in experimental sepsis in the rat. METHODS Three series of(More)