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In the final stages of genetic recombination, Holliday junction resolving enzymes transform the four-way DNA intermediate into two duplex DNA molecules by introducing pairs of staggered nicks flanking the junction. This fundamental process is apparently common to cells from all three domains of life. Two cellular resolving enzymes from extremely(More)
OBJECTIVES Although hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) and selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) are widely used for cerebral protection during aortic arch surgery, these strategies offer no protection for mesenteric ischaemia during prolonged circulatory arrest. This study explored mesenteric haemodynamics, metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS The number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) depends on cytokine release and is also associated with cardiovascular risk factors. During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) the endothelium is the first organ to be affected by mechanical and immunologic stimuli. We hypothesized that the magnitude of EPC mobilization by CPB correlates(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Recent evidence suggests that statin-mediated cardioprotection after chronic statin therapy decreases over time and can be reactivated by preprocedural high-dose statin reloading therapy. We tested in a porcine cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) model whether statin-related cardioprotection is further enhanced by a preoperative rosuvastatin(More)
Cell loss after transplantation is a major limitation for cell replacement approaches in regenerative medicine. To assess the survival kinetics of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CM) we generated transgenic murine iPSC lines which, in addition to CM-specific expression of puromycin N-acetyl-transferase and enhanced green(More)
OBJECTIVES Cross-talk between organ-specific extracellular matrix (ECM) and stem cells is often assumed but has not been directly demonstrated. We developed a protocol for the preparation of human cardiac ECM (cECM) and studied whether cECM has effects on pluripotent stem cell differentiation that may be useful for future cardiac regeneration strategies in(More)
AIMS Induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSCM) are regarded as promising cell type for cardiac cell replacement therapy. We investigated long-term electrophysiological integration and maturation of transplanted iPSCM, which are essential for therapeutic benefit. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine iPSCM expressing enhanced green fluorescent(More)
Cardiac cell therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represents a promising treatment approach for end-stage heart failure. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and the fate of the transplanted cells. The objective of the presented work is to determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and in vivo monitoring after(More)
Wharton's jelly (WJ) is a rich source of multiple-lineage differentiating cells, recently proposed for cell replacement therapy. However, their ability to integrate into the cardiac tissue has not been elucidated, yet. We employed in vitro cardiac transplantation models to investigate the capacity of a novel population of human WJ-derived mesenchymal stem(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of mechanical preconditioning on skeletal myoblasts in engineered tissue constructs was investigated to resolve issues associated with conduction block between skeletal myoblast cells and cardiomyocytes. METHODS Murine skeletal myoblasts were used to generate engineered tissue constructs with or without application of mechanical(More)