Klaus Nagel

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Routine determination of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is performed in numerous laboratories around the world using one of three families of methods: UV oxidation (UV), persulfate oxidation (PO), or high temperature combustion (HTC). Essentially all routine methods measure total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and calculate DON by subtracting the dissolved(More)
The Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP), is an NP-complete combinatorial optimization problem of substantial importance in many scheduling applications. Here we show the viability of SPAN, a hybrid approach to solving the TSP that incorporates a perturbation method applied to a classic heuristic in the overall context of a probabilistic search control(More)
A 4 Mbit Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory (MRAM) with a new magnetic switching mode is described. The memory cell is based on a 1-Transistor 1-Magnetic Tunnel Junction (1T1MTJ) bit cell. The 4 Mbit MRAM circuit was designed in a five level metal, 0.18 /spl mu/m CMOS process with a bit cell size of 1.55 /spl mu/m/sup 2/. A new cell architecture, bit(More)
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