Klaus Martin Meiners

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Abstract Physical, chemical and biological properties of sea ice and underlying brackish water (0–10 m water depth) were investigated in the Bothnian Bay and at a coastal station at the entrance of the Gulf of Finland in March 2000. Sea-ice texture was analysed and vertical profiles for δ18O, inorganic nutrient concentrations [NO3 –, NO2 –, NH4 +, PO4 3+,(More)
A review of direct counts of micro-organisms is presented, which describes the evaluation of different techniques and applications of microscopic methods for enumeration, biovolume and biomass measurement. New staining techniques and their applications are discussed as well as methods to distinguish individual cell properties. Attention is paid to data(More)
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Australian Antarctic Division, 203 Channel Highway, Kingston, Tas. 7050, Australia; Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 80, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia; Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Australian Antarctic(More)
We studied the abundance, biomass and potential ingestion rates of meiofauna in multi-year sea ice (MYI) of the Beaufort Gyre during two icebreaker expeditions in summers 2002 and 2003. Ice cores were taken at a total of ten stations and analyzed for ice temperature, salinity, chlorophyll a (Chl a), and ice meiofauna abundances. In 2002, ice was free of(More)
Antarctic and Southern Ocean (ASO) marine ecosystems have been changing for at least the last 30 years, including in response to increasing ocean temperatures and changes in the extent and seasonality of sea ice; the magnitude and direction of these changes differ between regions around Antarctica that could see populations of the same species changing(More)
Sea ice can contain high concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), much of which is carbohydrate-rich extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by microalgae and bacteria inhabiting the ice. Here we report the concentrations of dissolved carbohydrates (dCHO) and dissolved EPS (dEPS) in relation to algal standing stock [estimated by(More)
The availability of micronutrients is a key factor that affects primary productivity in High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) regions of the Southern Ocean. Nutrient supply is governed by a range of physical, chemical and biological processes, and there are significant feedbacks within the ecosystem. It has been suggested that baleen whales form a crucial(More)
[1] Remote sensing of Southern Ocean chlorophyll concentrations is the most effective way to detect large-scale changes in phytoplankton biomass driven by seasonality and climate change. However, the current algorithms for the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS, algorithm OC4v6), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS-Aqua,(More)
We present a computational model of the large-scale cumulative light exposure of sea ice in the Southern Ocean off East Antarctica (30°E–150°E). The model uses remotely sensed or modelled sea ice concentration, snow depth over sea ice, and solar irradiance data, and tracks sea ice motion over the season of interest in order to calculate the cumulative(More)
Our study quantified the spatial and temporal distribution of Fe and ancillary biogeochemical parameters at six stations visited during an interdisciplinary Australian Antarctic marine science voyage (SIPEX-2) within the East Antarctic first-year pack ice zone during September–October 2012. Unlike previous studies in the area, the sea ice Chlorophyll a,(More)