Klaus Hoecherl

Learn More
This study aimed to characterize the influence of acute renal artery stenosis on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and renin expression in the juxtaglomerular apparatus. For this purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats received a left renal artery clip, and COX-2 mRNA, COX-2 immunoreactivity, plasma renin activity, and renin mRNA levels were determined. COX-2 mRNA and(More)
The present study aimed to determine the relevance of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-derived prostanoids for the adverse effects of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) on cardiovascular function. For this goal, male Sprague-Dawley rats received a single intravenous dose of LPS (10 mg/kg) and were treated with different cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Injection of LPS caused a(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypotension in septic patients results from hypovolemia, vasodilatation and hyporeactivity to vasoconstrictors, such as angiotensin II. The AT1 receptor-associated protein 1 (Arap1) is expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells and increases the surface expression of the AT1-receptor in vitro. We hypothesized that dysregulation of Arap1 may(More)
Prostacyclin levels are increased in septic patients and several animal models of septic shock, and selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 improved cardiovascular dysfunction in rats treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we examine the specific role of prostacyclin and of the receptor for prostacyclin (IP) in the development of LPS-induced(More)
OBJECTIVES The ketolide telithromycin represents a new subclass of 14-membered semisynthetic macrolides. Because there is evidence that traditional macrolides such as roxithromycin exert anti-inflammatory activity, we investigated the anti-inflammatory action of telithromycin against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute systemic inflammation in mice in(More)
We previously found that deletion of connexin 40 (Cx40) causes a misdirection of renin-expressing cells from the media layer of afferent arterioles to the perivascular tissue, extraglomerular mesangium, and periglomerular and peritubular interstitium. The mechanisms underlying this aberrant renin expression are unknown. Here, we questioned the relevance of(More)
INTRODUCTION Mechanical and morphological ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury is reduced in septic hearts. The mechanism behind this "cardioprotection" is less well understood. As adenosine receptors play a major role for cardioprotection in non-septic hearts, we investigated the influence of adenosine receptors in a model of I/R in septic hearts. (More)
Proteinase-activated receptors (PARs) 1 to 4 are highly expressed in the kidney and are involved in the regulation of renal hemodynamics and tubular function. Since intravascular infusion of the proteinase thrombin, which activates PARs, has been shown to decrease plasma renin activity in rats, we investigated the effects of the respective PAR subtypes on(More)
Background The pathogenesis of endotoxemic tubular dys-function with failure in urine concentration is poorly understood. Urea plays an important role in the urinary concentrating mechanism and expression of the urea transporters UT-A1, UT-A2, UT-A3, UT-A4 and UT-B is essential for tubular urea reabsorption. The present study attempts to assess the(More)
expression of cyclooxygenase 2 contributes to aberrant renin production in connexin 40-deficient kidneys.—We previously found that deletion of connexin 40 (Cx40) causes a misdirection of renin-expressing cells from the media layer of afferent arterioles to the perivascular tissue, extraglomerular mesangium, and periglomerular and peritubular interstitium.(More)
  • 1