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Sepsis-associated acute renal failure is characterized by decreased GFR and tubular dysfunction. The pathogenesis of endotoxemic tubular dysfunction with failure in urine concentration and increased fractional sodium excretion is poorly understood. This study investigated the regulation of renal sodium transporters during severe inflammation in vivo and in(More)
Renal excretion of organic anions such as para-aminohippurate is reduced during severe sepsis and following ischemia/reperfusion injury. In order to better define the pathophysiology of sepsis-associated renal tubular dysfunction we measured the effect of lipopolysaccharide on renocortical organic anion transporter (OAT) expression in the rat. Prostaglandin(More)
Chronic heart failure is one of the most frequent causes of death in humans. Knockout of type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC) in mice causes longevity and protection from cardiomyopathy, and an AC5 inhibitor reduces beta-adrenoceptor-stimulated Ca(2+) inward currents in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes. These data indicate that selective AC5 inhibitors may be(More)
The protease renin is the key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone cascade, which is relevant under both physiological and pathophysiological settings. The kidney is the only organ capable of releasing enzymatically active renin. Although the characteristic juxtaglomerular position is the best known site of renin generation, renin-producing cells in(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) is frequently associated with polyuria and urine concentration defects and it is a severe complication of sepsis because it increases the mortality rate. Inhibition of NF-kappaB activation has been suggested to provide a useful strategy for the treatment of septic shock. However, the impact on sepsis-induced ARF is still unclear.(More)
Severe sepsis is accompanied by acute renal failure (ARF) with renal tubular dysfunction and glucosuria. In this study, we aimed to determine the regulation of renal tubular glucose transporters during severe experimental inflammation. Male C57BL/6J mice were injected with LPS or proinflammatory cytokines, and renal perfusion, glomerular filtration rate(More)
The bioavailability and metabolism of cyclosporine A (CsA) capsules were compared with two bioequivalent (Food and Drug Administration approved) preparations in rats. Two groups of Wistar-Kyoto rats were given 10 mg/kg q.d. of Sandimmun Neoral (NEO), Novartis Pharma, and CsA (United States Pharmacopeia modified), Eon Labs (EON), as capsules dissolved in(More)
The aim of our study was to clarify whether atrial (ANP) and brain (BNP) natriuretic peptides and the hypotensive peptide adrenomedullin (ADM) are regulated differently in the rat heart in the two-kidney, one-clip model of renovascular hypertension. We assessed messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) abundance and distribution of ANP, BNP and ADM in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis is the most important trigger for acute renal failure, with tubular dysfunction and collapse in urine concentration. As chloride plays a major role in the urinary concentrating mechanisms, we aimed to investigate the regulation of renal chloride entry pathways, such as kidney-specific chloride channel 1, kidney-specific chloride channel 2,(More)
This study aimed to characterize the influence of acute renal artery stenosis on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and renin expression in the juxtaglomerular apparatus. For this purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats received a left renal artery clip, and COX-2 mRNA, COX-2 immunoreactivity, plasma renin activity, and renin mRNA levels were determined. COX-2 mRNA and(More)