Klaus Hoecherl

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The protease renin is the key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone cascade, which is relevant under both physiological and pathophysiological settings. The kidney is the only organ capable of releasing enzymatically active renin. Although the characteristic juxtaglomerular position is the best known site of renin generation, renin-producing cells in(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis is the most important trigger for acute renal failure, with tubular dysfunction and collapse in urine concentration. As chloride plays a major role in the urinary concentrating mechanisms, we aimed to investigate the regulation of renal chloride entry pathways, such as kidney-specific chloride channel 1, kidney-specific chloride channel 2,(More)
Severe sepsis is accompanied by acute renal failure (ARF) with renal tubular dysfunction and glucosuria. In this study, we aimed to determine the regulation of renal tubular glucose transporters during severe experimental inflammation. Male C57BL/6J mice were injected with LPS or proinflammatory cytokines, and renal perfusion, glomerular filtration rate(More)
Sepsis-associated acute renal failure is characterized by decreased GFR and tubular dysfunction. The pathogenesis of endotoxemic tubular dysfunction with failure in urine concentration and increased fractional sodium excretion is poorly understood. This study investigated the regulation of renal sodium transporters during severe inflammation in vivo and in(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a frequent complication of sepsis and has a high mortality. Sepsis-induced ARF is known to be associated with significant impairment of tubular capacity. However, the pathogenesis of endotoxemic tubular dysfunction with failure of urine concentration is poorly understood. Urea plays an important role in the urinary concentrating(More)
Prostacyclin levels are increased in septic patients and several animal models of septic shock, and selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 improved cardiovascular dysfunction in rats treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we examine the specific role of prostacyclin and of the receptor for prostacyclin (IP) in the development of LPS-induced(More)
This study aimed to characterize the influence of acute renal artery stenosis on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and renin expression in the juxtaglomerular apparatus. For this purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats received a left renal artery clip, and COX-2 mRNA, COX-2 immunoreactivity, plasma renin activity, and renin mRNA levels were determined. COX-2 mRNA and(More)
In this prospective, randomized animal study, the role of proinflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis sepsis-induced circulatory failure with downregulation of angiotensin-II-type-I-(AT(1))-receptors was investigated. Sepsis in wild-type mice and in mice with deficiencies for TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IFN-gamma or IL-6 was induced by cecal ligation and(More)
(3'-5')-Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is a bacterial second messenger with immunomodulatory activities in mice suggesting potential applications as a vaccine adjuvant and as a therapeutic agent. Clinical studies in larger animals or humans will require larger doses that are difficult and expensive to generate by currently available chemical or enzymatic(More)
Chronic heart failure is one of the most frequent causes of death in humans. Knockout of type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC) in mice causes longevity and protection from cardiomyopathy, and an AC5 inhibitor reduces beta-adrenoceptor-stimulated Ca(2+) inward currents in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes. These data indicate that selective AC5 inhibitors may be(More)