Klaus Henning Usadel

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patients. Here we present findings contradicting this intriguing hypothesis. Autoimmunity and Transplantation Division The Walter and Eliza Hall The Endogenous IDDMK 1,2 22 Provirus Is Not a Novel Retrovirus Institute of Medical Research Royal Melbourne Hospital HERV-K is an endogenous retrovirus family of old world monkeys and humans with homologies to(More)
The presence of fetal cells in a maternal compartment is defined as fetal-maternal microchimerism, which has been detected in thyroids of mothers suffering from autoimmunity. We analyzed the immunohistology of paraffin-embedded thyroid specimen taken at surgery from 49 women with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (n = 25), Graves' disease (n = 15), or nodular or(More)
In rats, the hemorrhagic gastric erosions produced by ethanol, and the fatal hemorrhagic hepatic recrosis induced by phalloidin, were significanlty reduced by regular somatostatin, but not by derivatives devoid of-SH containing cysteines. These effects of the hormone were abolished in animals which received, in a dditiion, the sulfhydryl blocker(More)
A variable endogenous retroviral element has been identified in intron 9 of the complement C4 gene [HERV-K(C4)], which maps to the class III region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 6p21.3. Genetic susceptibility to type I diabetes is mainly conferred by the MHC locus and the complement C4 region has been implied to contribute to(More)
We investigated whether subclinical hyperthyroidism [subnormal basal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level, attenuated TSH response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation, peripheral thyroid hormones within normal range] is accompanied by physical and mental changes. Thirty-five subclinically hyperthyroid patients (27 female, 8 male) were(More)
Immunohistochemical detection and quantification of CD3-and CD45RO-positive lymphocytes and CD68-positive cells in 75 thyroid carcinomas of follicular cell origin revealed rising levels for these parameters associated with dedifferentiation. A parallel trend towards reduction of vascularisation, determined as CD31-positive blood vessels, with decreasing(More)
Calcium channel blockers protect cells against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, the effect of verapamil on mitochondrial calcium content was investigated in situ in normoxic, hypoxic and reoxygenated rat liver. Subcellular distribution of exchangeable calcium ions, which form an electron-dense precipitate with antimonate, was demonstrated(More)
Beside its known hormonal activity, somatostatin exerts cytoprotective action. Thus, its favorable effect on the course of experimental pancreatitis, liver and lung lesions, and gastric ulcerations cannot be explained solely on the basis of hormone-mediated mechanisms. Cytoprotection is only observed when somatostatin is administered prior to toxin exposure(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the pancreas causes impairment of microcirculation leading to pancreatitis. Postischemic pancreatitis is the most common reason for graft failure in pancreas transplantation. In animal models, octreotide has been described to have beneficial effects on acute pancreatitis by reducing pancreatic enzyme release and(More)
Both cyclic and linear somatostatin-14 are potent histamine secretagogues in rat mast cell incubates. Linear somatostatin-14 is more effective than cyclic somatostatin-14 in a concentration range up to 10−6 mol/l, in normal Sprague-Dawley rats, and even more responsive in sensitized hooded Lister rats. This additional mast cell stimulation capacity of(More)