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Migraine pathophysiology possibly involves deficient mitochondrial energy reserve and diminished cortical habituation. Using functional magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (fMRSI), we studied cortical lactate changes during prolonged visual stimulation to search for different pathophysiological mechanisms in clinically distinct subgroups of migraine(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of various brain-derived proteins (14-3-3, Tau, neuron specific enolase [NSE], and S100b) in the CSF of patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and to analyze biologic factors that modify these parameters. METHODS CSF was tested for 14-3-3, Tau, NSE, and S100b in 1,859 patients with(More)
The effect of acute high-dose glucocorticoid therapy on memory function in patients with acute optic neuritis (n = 9) and multiple sclerosis (n = 21) was studied. All patients had reversible impairment of long-term memory functions, whereas measures of short-term memory, attentional functions, and alertness remained unaffected.
We prospectively randomized 47 patients with acute ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery of less than 24 hours' duration to either adjusted hypervolemic hemodilution or control treatment and followed them up for 90 days. Rapid hemodilution to a target hematocrit of 30-35% as monitored with bedside determinations was achieved by using infusions of(More)
BACKGROUND The analysis of markers in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is useful in the diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). However, the time at which the study of these markers is most sensitive remains controversal. OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of time of sampling on the value of CSF tests in the diagnosis of sCJD. METHOD In the(More)
The McLeod syndrome is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations of the XK gene encoding the XK protein. The syndrome is characterized by absent Kx erythrocyte antigen, weak expression of Kell blood group system antigens, and acanthocytosis. In some allelic variants, elevated creatine kinase, myopathy, neurogenic muscle atrophy, and progressive chorea are(More)
Quantitative rotational testing was used to study changes in the vestibulo-ocular reflex of patients with unilateral and bilateral peripheral vestibular lesions. Compared with normal subjects, the patients exhibited a characteristic pattern of decreased gain and increased phase lead at low frequencies of sinusoidal stimulation and decreased time constants(More)
We performed quantitative low and high frequency rotational testing in 17 patients with bilateral peripheral vestibular deficits. A characteristic pattern of decreased gain and increased phase lead at low frequencies of sinusoidal stimulation and decreased time constant to impulsive stimulation was observed in most patients. The results of caloric testing(More)