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BACKGROUND Strokes are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in young adults. However, in most cases the cause of the stroke remains unclear. Anderson-Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting from deficient alpha-galactosidase and causes an endothelial vasculopathy followed by cerebral ischaemia. To determine the(More)
Invasion of human mucosal cells by N. gonorrhoeae via the binding to heparansulfate proteoglycan receptors is considered a crucial event of the infection. Using different human epithelial cells and primary fibroblasts, we show here an activation of the phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and acidic sphingomyelinase (ASM) by N. gonorrhoeae,(More)
Within Niemann-Pick diseases, type C has now been demonstrated to be a nosological entity totally distinct from types A and B, and is best characterized at present by unique abnormalities of intracellular translocation of exogenous cholesterol, which are briefly reviewed. Although the primary defect is still unknown in type C Niemann-Pick disease, this(More)
Gangliosides are the main glycolipids of neuronal plasma membranes. Their surface patterns are generated by coordinated processes, involving biosynthetic pathways of the secretory compartments, catabolic steps of the endolysosomal system, and intracellular trafficking. Inherited defects in ganglioside biosynthesis causing fatal neurodegenerative diseases(More)
Niemann-Pick type C disease is an inherited neurovisceral storage disorder with intracellular accumulation of cholesterol. In affected brains, many ballooned neurons are seen. Considerable nerve cell loss of unknown pathogenesis leads to neurological deterioration and dementia. Chemical examination of brains has failed to demonstrate increased levels of(More)
Farber's lipogranulomatosis is an inborn lipid storage disease characterized by tissue accumulation of ceramide due to deficient activity of lysosomal ceramidase. Symptoms include painful swelling of joints, subcutaneous nodules, a hoarse cry, hepatosplenomegaly and nervous system dysfunction of markedly variable degree. In most cases the neural dysfunction(More)
A neuropathologic study of three cases of prosaposin (pSap) deficiency (ages at death 27, 89 and 119 days), carried out in the standard autopsy tissues, revealed a neurolysosomal pathology different from that in the non-neuronal cells. Non-neuronal storage is represented by massive lysosomal accumulation of glycosphingolipids (glucosyl-, galactosyl-,(More)
Prosaposin deficiency (pSap-d) and saposin B deficiency (SapB-d) are both lipid storage disorders caused by mutations in the PSAP gene that codes for the 65-70 kDa prosaposin protein, which is the precursor for four sphingolipid activator proteins, saposins A-D. We report on two new patients with PSAP gene defects; one, with pSap-d, who had a severe(More)