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BACKGROUND Strokes are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in young adults. However, in most cases the cause of the stroke remains unclear. Anderson-Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting from deficient alpha-galactosidase and causes an endothelial vasculopathy followed by cerebral ischaemia. To determine the(More)
Invasion of human mucosal cells by N. gonorrhoeae via the binding to heparansulfate proteoglycan receptors is considered a crucial event of the infection. Using different human epithelial cells and primary fibroblasts, we show here an activation of the phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and acidic sphingomyelinase (ASM) by N. gonorrhoeae,(More)
Fabry's disease was diagnosed in an adult patient as a lipid storage-induced non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Stable angina pectoris started 15 years before death, was followed by slowly progressive heart failure and repeated pulmonary thromboembolism with death at 63 years. Autopsy disclosed enormous cardiomegaly (1100 g), cardiac storage of(More)
Glycosphingolipids of cultured fibroblasts from patients with total sphingolipid activator proteins (SAPs) deficiency (Schnabel et al. J. Biol. Chem. 267:3312-3315, 1992) were labeled biosynthetically with [14C]serine. After a chase period of 120h the patients' fibroblasts showed increased labeling of ceramide, glucosylceramide, lactosylceramide and(More)
Within Niemann-Pick diseases, type C has now been demonstrated to be a nosological entity totally distinct from types A and B, and is best characterized at present by unique abnormalities of intracellular translocation of exogenous cholesterol, which are briefly reviewed. Although the primary defect is still unknown in type C Niemann-Pick disease, this(More)
Through a survey of all departments of pediatrics, neurology and neuropathology in Germany, we calculated the incidence of all major forms of leukodystrophy. Only diagnoses based on specific biochemical tests in association with typical findings and/or neuroradiologically proven white matter involvement were accepted. In accordance with these strict(More)
Experimental allergic encephalitis (EAE) is an experimental autoimmune inflammatory condition of the central nervous system (CNS) that serves as a disease model for multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary effector mechanisms of the immune system leading to tissue destruction during EAE remain still controversial. T-cells, microglia, and macrophages(More)
Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is a neurovisceral (or, extremely rarely, only visceral) lipidosis caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene or, in a few patients, the HE1 gene, which encode sterol regulating proteins. NPC is characterised by a complex lipid anomaly including a disturbed cellular trafficking of cholesterol but also multi-lipid storage in(More)
The bone marrow cytological storage phenomena in generalized lysosomal lipid storage disorders (Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, GM1-gangliosidosis, cholesterol ester storage diseases) are reviewed. The value of bone marrow cytology as a pre-screening method in the diagnostic strategy for the different diseases depends on the disease type suspected(More)
To obtain more information of the functional domains of the NPC1 protein, the mutational spectrum and the level of immunoreactive protein were investigated in skin fibroblasts from 30 unrelated patients with Niemann-Pick C1 disease. Nine of them were characterized by mild alterations of cellular cholesterol transport (the "variant" biochemical phenotype).(More)