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Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) designates the nervous system disorders caused by the tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). The clinical syndromes are usually distinct and are classified as early and the rare late or chronic LNB. Early LNB occurs 3-6 weeks after infection most frequently as a lymphocytic meningoradiculoneuritis (LMR). Symptoms are(More)
The isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi flagella and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM to the B. burgdorferi flagellum are described. The diagnostic performance of the flagellum ELISA for serodiagnosis of Lyme disease was compared with the performance of a traditional whole cell B. burgdorferi sonic(More)
An antibody capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed to measure directly intrathecal immunoglobulin (Ig) G, A, and M synthesis specific for Borrelia burgdorferi. Purified, biotin-avidin-peroxidase-labeled B. burgdorferi flagella was used as test antigen. Paired cerebrospinal fluid and serum specimens from 100 patients with clinically definite(More)
All eukaryotes respond to DNA damage by modulation of diverse cellular processes to preserve genomic integrity and ensure survival. Here we identify mammalian Tousled like kinases (Tlks) as a novel target of the DNA damage checkpoint. During S-phase progression, when Tlks are maximally active, generation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) leads to rapid and(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are major determinants of gene silencing and epigenetic memory in higher eukaryotes. Here, we systematically mapped the human PcG complexome using a robust affinity purification mass spectrometry approach. Our high-density protein interaction network uncovered a diverse range of PcG complexes. Moreover, our analysis identified(More)
We used a capture ELISA with biotinylated Borrelia burgdorferi flagella as antigen to analyze the kinetics of intrathecal antibody production against B burgdorferi in 27 patients with neuroborreliosis. All patients had lymphocytic pleocytosis, 13/27 had intrathecal specific IgM production, and 26/27 had intrathecal IgG synthesis against B burgdorferi before(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the ospC gene from five Danish human Borrelia burgdorferi isolates representing all three B. burgdorferi genospecies (B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii sp. nov., and group VS461) and from the American type strain B31 were determined and compared with the published ospC sequence from the German B. burgdorferi isolate(More)
An improved linkage map for human chromosome 19 containing 35 short tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRPs) and one VNTR (D19S20) was constructed. The map included 12 new (GATA)n tetranucleotide STRPs. Although total lengths of the male (114 cM) and female (128 cM) maps were similar, at both ends of the chromosome male recombination exceeded female(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed for use in the identification of a 248-bp fragment of the Borrelia burgdorferi flagellin gene in urine and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis. The specificities of the PCR products were confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridization with an internal probe. The assay had a detection limit of(More)
By crossed immunoelectrophoresis and Western blotting (immunoblotting), it was shown that Borrelia burgdorferi expresses the 60-kilodalton Common Antigen (CA) that is cross-reactive with an equivalent antigen in a wide range of remotely related bacteria. B. burgdorferi CA is strongly immunogenic. A B. burgdorferi genomic library was constructed by using a(More)