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OBJECTIVE Previous work suggests that patients with unipolar depression may have structural as well as functional abnormalities in limbic-thalamic-cortical networks, which are hypothesized to modulate human mood states. A core area in these networks is the hippocampus. In the present study, differences in volumes of hippocampal gray and white matter between(More)
BACKGROUND The amygdala plays a crucial role in the mediation of affective behavior in humans and is implemented in the limbic-thalamic-cortical network that is supposed to modulate human mood. The aim of the present study was to measure the amygdala volumes in patients with a first episode of major depression. METHODS Thirty inpatients with a first(More)
IPT [N-(3-iodopropen-2-yl)-2β-carbome-thoxy-3β-(4-chlorophenyl) tropane] is a new cocain analogue which allows the presynaptic dopamine transporters to be imaged with single-photon emission tomography (SPET) as early as 1–2 h post injection. In the present study [123I]IPT SPET was performed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) to analyse the(More)
OBJECTIVE The value of combined positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in the follow-up of patients with breast cancer with elevated tumor markers but without proven metastases or local recurrence was assessed. METHODS Thirty-four women underwent PET/CT. The PET and CT images were first analyzed separately; fused findings were then(More)
Imaging the presynaptic dopamine transporter with cocaine analogues and single-photon emission tomography (SPET) has proven to be a potential diagnostic tool for classifying the extent and degree of dopaminergic nerve cell loss. For correct interpretation of scan results, however, knowledge of the intra-/interobserver variation of data evaluation is(More)
The notion of fractal has been largely used to describe geometrical properties of complex objects in biology and medicine. In the present study the question is addressed whether the human cerebral cortex is self-similar in a statistical sense, which is commonly referred to as being a fractal. A new calculational method is presented, which is volumetric and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) disrupts selectively and progressively (increasing with severity) functional connectivity of intrinsic brain networks (IBNs), most prominent in the default mode network. Given that IBNs' functional connectivity depends on structural connectivity, we hypothesize for our study selective and progressive changes of IBN based structural(More)
Absence of the adhesio interthalamica (AI) in schizophrenic first episode patients is suggestive for another marker of early developmental neuropathologic changes. Moreover, findings suggest that schizophrenic patients without AI are characterised by more severe negative symptoms. The study aims to investigate the presence vs. absence of AI in relation to(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study, binding of Tc-TRODAT-1 to the dopamine transporter (DAT) was found to be higher in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as compared to healthy controls. AIM To determine whether the degree of Tc-TRODAT-1 binding to the striatal DAT may have a predictive role on the response to methylphenidate (MPH)(More)