Klaus Deckardt

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Wistar rats continuously received octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC) in the diet through two successive generations at nominal doses of 0, 150, 450 or 1000 mg/kg bw/day. OMC had no adverse effects on estrous cycles, mating behavior, conception, parturition, lactation and weaning, sperm and follicle parameters, macropathology and histopathology of the sexual(More)
Data on the subchronic toxicity of 2-ethylhexanol (2EH) were required to establish the dose vehicle and dose levels for oncogenicity studies. In preliminary studies 2EH was given subacutely (11 days) to male and female Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice as an aqueous emulsion by oral gavage (0, 100, 330, 1000, and 1500 mg/kg/day). Clinical observations were(More)
Ethylbenzene was administered to groups of male and female Wistar rats by gavage for 4 (n = 5/dose/sex) and 13 weeks (n = 10/dose/sex) (OECD 408) at doses of 0 (vehicle control), 75, 250, and 750 mg/kg bodyweight/day (mg/kg bw/day), administered am/pm as half doses. In the 4-week study, ≥250 mg/kg increased serum alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin(More)
Styrene has been shown to cause an increase in the incidence of lung tumors in CD-1 mice following chronic exposure at 40 and 160 ppm, whereas no treatment-related increase in tumors in any organ was seen in rats chronically exposed to up to 1000 ppm styrene. So far most of the mechanistic studies have been performed with male animals. The aim of the(More)
A two-year feeding study in rats and an 18-month feeding study in mice were conducted to evaluate the potential chronic toxicity and oncogenicity of NMP in Crl:CD (SD)BR rats and B6C3F1/CrlBR mice. Groups of 62 male and female rats were administered diets containing 0, 1600, 5000, or 15,000 ppm of NMP for approximately 2 years. Groups of 50 male and female(More)
The antithyroid acting drug propylthiouracil (PTU) was administered to male and female Wistar rats at 0, 0.1, 1, or 10mg/kg body weight for 4 weeks according to the draft protocol of the "Enhanced OECD Test Guideline 407" (enhanced TG 407) in order to investigate its suitability to detect endocrine-mediated effects. The study was conducted with two(More)
In previous subchronic studies inhaled N-vinylpyrrolidone-2 (NVP) was haemotoxic, hepatotoxic and irritant to the nose. In the first of two long-term studies, study A, Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed by inhalation to 0, 5, 10 or 20 ppm NVP (6 hr/day, 5 days/wk) for 24 months. Satellite groups were killed after 3, 12 or 24 months. In study B, female(More)
Recently several chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of di-isononyl phthalate (DINP) have been reported. These studies defined effect levels for liver tumors in male and female F344 rats at dietary levels exceeding 700 mg/kg/day; the no effect levels were 359 mg/kg/day in males and 442 mg/kg/day in females. Similar results were found in male B6C3F1(More)
UNLABELLED Effects of common anaesthetics such as ether, methoxyflurane, isoflurane, carbon dioxide (at 100%, 80% or 60% admixed with O(2)) on toxicity and clinical pathology parameters in rats were investigated. Ether, methoxyflurane and 100% CO(2) induced toxicity in some animals. Erythrocyte, haemoglobin and haematocrit were reduced in females by 100%(More)
N-Vinylpyrrolidone-2 (NVP) is a monomeric compound used as an industrial intermediate. Nine of 11 studies previously reported involved exposure of rats (two different strains), mice or hamsters to NVP by the inhalation route at concentrations of up to 120 ppm (6 hr/day, 5 days/wk) over a period of 1 wk to 12 months. The remaining two studies involved(More)