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We gave alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a selective, irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, to six health men in single intravenous doses of 5 and 10 mg/kg body weight and oral doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg. Plasma concentrations were monitored during the 24 hr after each dose. Urine was collected from 0 to 24 hr after drug and amount of(More)
The aims of this study were (i) to compare the absorption of three closely related inhibitors of angiotensin II, RU60018, RU60079 and HR720, in various in vitro and in vivo models, and (ii) to explain the differences in the results and to assess the importance of drug ionisation to predict absorption. Drug absorption was investigated in Ussing chambers,(More)
Hydralazine is an antihypertensive vasodilator agent. Lack of specific assay techniques for its measurement have delayed elucidation of its pharmacokinetic profile. This study compares the plasma profiles of hydralazine, measured both by a specific and by a previously published nonspecific assay and of a major plasma metabolite, hydralazine pyruvic acid(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine the transport mechanism of telithromycin in comparison with erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin and roxithromycin. METHODS These antibiotics were examined in Caco-2 cell monolayers in order to demonstrate the potential involvement of P-GP in the absorption process, using verapamil as a P-GP competitor. A(More)
Vigabatrin, as a single oral dose of 50 mg/kg, was administered to 11 patients with drug-refractory complex partial epilepsy. Serial lumbar punctures were performed prior to and 5 times within the first week following treatment. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of total GABA, free GABA, homocarnosine, homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic(More)
Certain anticonvulsant drugs require N-acetylation as a major route of metabolic clearance. Single point mutations of the polymorphic N-acetyltransferase gene (pNAT) are the primary cause for impaired drug acetylation. Pharmacokinetic parameters are altered in slow acetylator phenotypes and this may compromise drug safety. Genetic analysis of allelic(More)
Mofegiline or MDL 72,974A ((E)-4-fluoro-beta-fluoromethylene benzene butanamine hydrochloride) is a selective enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B, which is under development for use in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Male beagle dogs were given single p.o. (20 mg/kg) and i.v. (5 mg/kg) doses of [14C]-Mofegiline. Total(More)
MDL 17,043 (MDL), a new cardiotonic agent, was given intravenously at a single dose of 0.5 mg/kg to 14 patients with congestive heart failure (stages II-III). The mean half-life of plasma elimination of the parent compound determined in eight subjects was 81 min. MDL is rapidly metabolized to the sulfoxide with a maximum plasma metabolite concentration(More)
1. Vigabatrin, 50 mg kg-1, was administered orally as add-on therapy to 11 patients with drug-resistant complex partial epilepsy as a single dose, then once every third day for 2 months, every other day for 2 months and daily for 1 month. 2. Lumbar punctures were carried out prior to treatment and at the end of each dosage regimen and cerebrospinal fluid(More)