Klaus Brockmann

Learn More
Reactions of ozone with alkenes can be a significant source of hydroxyl radicals in the atmosphere. In the present paper, the formation of OH radicals in the ozonolysis of selected alkenes under atmospheric conditions was directly observed. The experiments were carried out in the European photoreactor EUPHORE (Valencia, Spain). OH radicals were(More)
Over the past decade, multimode ion sources operating at atmospheric pressure (i.e., more than one ionization method is operative in the ion source enclosure) have received considerable interest. Simultaneous operation of different ionization methods targeting different compound classes within one analysis run has several advantages, including enhanced(More)
We report on the development of a new laser-ionization (LI) source operating at atmospheric pressure (AP) for liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) applications. APLI is introduced as a powerful addition to existing AP ionization techniques, in particular atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI), electrospray ionization (ESI), and(More)
In this study, the validation and analysis of steady state numerical simulations of the gas flows within a multi-purpose ion source (MPIS) are presented. The experimental results were obtained with particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a non-scaled MPIS. Two-dimensional time-averaged velocity and turbulent kinetic energy distributions are(More)
Nonintrusive systems for the measurement on test rigs of aeroengine exhaust emissions required for engine certification (CO, NO(x), total unburned hydrocarbon, and smoke), together with CO(2) and temperature have been developed. These results have been compared with current certified intrusive measurements on an engine test. A spectroscopic database and(More)
Recently we have established atmospheric-pressure laser ionisation (APLI) as a method for coupling time-of-flight mass spectrometric detectors (TOF MS) with chromatographic systems (HPLC and GC) to allow two-photon ionisation of non-polar aromatic compounds. Here we demonstrate that APLI can be combined with chip-electrospray ionisation (cESI) coupled to(More)
In this paper we address the problem of makespan optimal sequencing in a ow shop with parallel machines (FSPM). This kind of production facility is a generalization of the standard ow shop where at least one stage consists of two or more identical machines. We present a branch & bound algorithm and its parallel implementation which minimizes the makespan,(More)
Recently we introduced atmospheric pressure laser ionization (APLI) as a complementary ionization method for coupling LC-MS systems (HPLC and CEC), allowing ionization of nonpolar aromatic compounds via near-resonant two-photon excitation. In this paper, we demonstrate that APLI with the same source enclosure as for LC coupling is also suited for(More)