Klaus Brockmann

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Nonintrusive systems for the measurement on test rigs of aeroengine exhaust emissions required for engine certification (CO, NO(x), total unburned hydrocarbon, and smoke), together with CO(2) and temperature have been developed. These results have been compared with current certified intrusive measurements on an engine test. A spectroscopic database and(More)
Reactions of ozone with alkenes can be a significant source of hydroxyl radicals in the atmosphere. In the present paper, the formation of OH radicals in the ozonolysis of selected alkenes under atmospheric conditions was directly observed. The experiments were carried out in the European photoreactor EUPHORE (Valencia, Spain). OH radicals were(More)
Recently we have established atmospheric-pressure laser ionisation (APLI) as a method for coupling time-of-flight mass spectrometric detectors (TOF MS) with chromatographic systems (HPLC and GC) to allow two-photon ionisation of non-polar aromatic compounds. Here we demonstrate that APLI can be combined with chip-electrospray ionisation (cESI) coupled to(More)
Recently we introduced atmospheric pressure laser ionization (APLI) as a complementary ionization method for coupling LC-MS systems (HPLC and CEC), allowing ionization of nonpolar aromatic compounds via near-resonant two-photon excitation. In this paper, we demonstrate that APLI with the same source enclosure as for LC coupling is also suited for(More)
We report on the development of a new laser-ionization (LI) source operating at atmospheric pressure (AP) for liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) applications. APLI is introduced as a powerful addition to existing AP ionization techniques, in particular atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI), electrospray ionization (ESI), and(More)
We address the problem of sorting a large number N of keys on a MasPar MP-1 parallel SIMD machine of moderate size P where the processing elements (PEs) are interconnected as a toroidal mesh and have 16KB local storage each. We present a comparative study of implementations of the following deterministic oblivious sorting methods: Bitonic Sort, Odd-Even(More)
Over the past decade, multimode ion sources operating at atmospheric pressure (i.e., more than one ionization method is operative in the ion source enclosure) have received considerable interest. Simultaneous operation of different ionization methods targeting different compound classes within one analysis run has several advantages, including enhanced(More)
We report on the successful application of the recently introduced atmospheric pressure laser ionization (APLI) method as a novel tool for the analysis of crude oil and its components. Using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry, unambiguous determination of key compounds in this complex matrix with unprecedented sensitivity is(More)
The detection limits for NO and NO2 in turbine exhausts by nonintrusive monitoring have to be improved. Multipass mode Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) absorption spectrometry and use of a White mirror system were found from a sensitivity study with spectra simulations in the mid-infrared to be essential for the retrieval of NO2 abundances. A new White(More)