Klaus Brischwein

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Bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE) are a class of bispecific single-chain antibodies that can very effectively redirect cytotoxic T cells for killing of tumor target cells. Here, we have assessed the in vivo efficacy of one representative, called bscEp-CAMxCD3, with specificity for tumors overexpressing epithelial cell adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) in human(More)
We have developed a novel single-chain Ep-CAM-/CD3-bispecific single-chain antibody construct designated MT110. MT110 redirected unstimulated human peripheral T cells to induce the specific lysis of every Ep-CAM-expressing tumor cell line tested. MT110 induced a costimulation independent polyclonal activation of CD4- and CD8-positive T cells as seen by de(More)
MT110 is an EpCAM/CD3-bispecific antibody construct in clinical development for the treatment of patients with adenocarcinoma expressing EpCAM (CD326). Like other members of this antibody class, MT110 can engage resting, polyclonal CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cells for highly potent redirected lysis of target cells. Here we further explored the mechanism of this(More)
Certain bispecific antibodies exhibit an extraordinary potency and efficacy for target cell lysis by eliciting a polyclonal T-cell response. One example is a CD19-/CD3-bispecific single-chain antibody construct (bscCD19xCD3), which at femtomolar concentrations can redirect cytotoxic T cells to eliminate human B lymphocytes, B lymphoma cell lines and(More)
Bispecific single-chain antibody constructs specific for human CD3 have been extensively studied for antitumor activity in human xenograft models using severe combined immunodeficient mice supplemented with human T cells. High efficacy at low effector-to-target ratios, independence of T cell costimuli and a potent activation of previously unstimulated(More)
Bispecific antibodies have been extensively studied in vitro and in vivo for their use in redirected tumor cell lysis. A particular challenge of bispecific antibody constructs that recognize the invariant CD3 signaling complex is a controlled polyclonal activation of T cells that, ideally, is exquisitely dependent on the presence of target cells. Otherwise,(More)
MT201 is a fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody with moderate affinity for epithelial cell adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) being clinically developed for the treatment of carcinomas. Like many other clinically validated IgG1 monoclonal antibodies, MT201 primarily acts by antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC).(More)
Previous studies point to protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme eta as a resistance factor in cancer cells. Therefore, we investigated whether down-regulation of PKCeta with second generation antisense oligonucleotides (ODNs) would sensitise A549 human lung carcinoma cells to cytostatics. The effects were compared to the outcome of Bcl-xL down-regulation. Upon(More)
We examined the inducibility of drug resistance (MDR1, MRP1, LRP) and protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme (alpha, epsilon, eta, theta, tau, zeta) corresponding genes in A2780 ovarian cancer cells after a 24-hour treatment with adriamycin (ADR), camptothecin (CAM), etoposide (ETO) or vincristine (VCR). Sublethal concentrations of drugs were used to exclude(More)
Many kinds of bispecific antibodies recruiting T cells for cancer therapy have been developed. Side-by-side comparison has shown that CD19-/CD3-bispecific antibodies of the diabody, tandem diabody (Tandab) and quadroma format had similar cytotoxic activity, with Tandab being the most active format. Tandab has also been claimed to be superior to single-chain(More)