Klaus Bobacz

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OBJECTIVES Chronic inflammation is a major risk factor for systemic bone loss leading to osteoporotic fracture and substantial morbidity and mortality. Inflammatory cytokines, particularly tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL1), are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammation-induced bone loss, but their exact roles are yet(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the presence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 1-9 in human articular cartilage, and to investigate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of TLR-4 on biosynthetic activity and matrix production by human articular chondrocytes. METHODS TLRs 1-9 were assessed in human articular cartilage by reverse(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between increased discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR-2) expression and cartilage damage in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Full-thickness cartilage tissue samples from 16 human knee joints were obtained and the grade of cartilage damage was evaluated according to the Mankin scale. Expression of DDR-2, matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether chondrocytes derived from osteoarthritic cartilage may lose their responsiveness to cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1, -2 (CDMP-1, -2) and osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) compared with healthy cells, thus leading to an impaired maintenance of matrix integrity. DESIGN Chondrocytes were isolated from articular cartilage(More)
Localization studies and genetic evidence have implicated cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins-1, -2 (CDMP-1 and CDMP-2), and osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) in the osteochondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal progenitor cells during embryonic development and in postnatal life. Based on their expression pattern and the evidence that periosteum contains(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) is a potent inducer of osteogenic differentiation and its expression is stimulated by 17beta-estradiol. The existence of a regulatory loop between sex steroids and BMP-6 is therefore reasonable to hypothesize. Here we determined whether the sex steroids 17beta-estradiol and dihydrotestosterone, and the phytoestrogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the endogenous expression of growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF-5) and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) is altered in the cartilage and synovium of human tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-transgenic (hTNFtg) mice with chronic arthritis, and to investigate the response of hTNFtg chondrocytes as well as fibroblast-like(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate effects of cartilage derived morphogenetic protein-1 and -2 (CDMP-1, CDMP-2), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 and BMP-6 on metabolism of ligament fibroblasts and their osteogenic or chondrogenic differentiation potential. METHODS Ligament fibroblasts were obtained from 3 month old calves, plated as monolayers or micromass(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the role of bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) in human articular cartilage, we investigated whether BMP-6 is expressed in adult human articular chondrocytes and analyzed the potential stimulatory effects of BMP-6 on these cells. In addition, we investigated whether osteoarthritic (OA) and normal cartilage chondrocytes behave(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether activation of p38 MAPK is a crucial signaling factor in inflammatory bone destruction mediated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Mice overexpressing TNF were treated with 2 different inhibitors of p38 MAPK, and the effect of this treatment on joint inflammation and structural damage was assessed. METHODS Human TNF-transgenic(More)