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OBJECTIVES Chronic inflammation is a major risk factor for systemic bone loss leading to osteoporotic fracture and substantial morbidity and mortality. Inflammatory cytokines, particularly tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL1), are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammation-induced bone loss, but their exact roles are yet(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the endogenous expression of growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF-5) and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) is altered in the cartilage and synovium of human tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-transgenic (hTNFtg) mice with chronic arthritis, and to investigate the response of hTNFtg chondrocytes as well as fibroblast-like(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between increased discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR-2) expression and cartilage damage in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Full-thickness cartilage tissue samples from 16 human knee joints were obtained and the grade of cartilage damage was evaluated according to the Mankin scale. Expression of DDR-2, matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the role of bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) in human articular cartilage, we investigated whether BMP-6 is expressed in adult human articular chondrocytes and analyzed the potential stimulatory effects of BMP-6 on these cells. In addition, we investigated whether osteoarthritic (OA) and normal cartilage chondrocytes behave(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the presence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 1-9 in human articular cartilage, and to investigate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of TLR-4 on biosynthetic activity and matrix production by human articular chondrocytes. METHODS TLRs 1-9 were assessed in human articular cartilage by reverse(More)
Localization studies and genetic evidence have implicated cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins-1, -2 (CDMP-1 and CDMP-2), and osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) in the osteochondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal progenitor cells during embryonic development and in postnatal life. Based on their expression pattern and the evidence that periosteum contains(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether chondrocytes derived from osteoarthritic cartilage may lose their responsiveness to cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1, -2 (CDMP-1, -2) and osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) compared with healthy cells, thus leading to an impaired maintenance of matrix integrity. DESIGN Chondrocytes were isolated from articular cartilage(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) is a potent inducer of osteogenic differentiation and its expression is stimulated by 17beta-estradiol. The existence of a regulatory loop between sex steroids and BMP-6 is therefore reasonable to hypothesize. Here we determined whether the sex steroids 17beta-estradiol and dihydrotestosterone, and the phytoestrogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether activation of p38 MAPK is a crucial signaling factor in inflammatory bone destruction mediated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Mice overexpressing TNF were treated with 2 different inhibitors of p38 MAPK, and the effect of this treatment on joint inflammation and structural damage was assessed. METHODS Human TNF-transgenic(More)
OBJECTIVE To correlate the number of chondrocytes in healthy and osteoarthritic human articular cartilage with age, and to evaluate the influence of donor age on total proteoglycan synthesis. METHODS Chondrocytes were isolated from human articular cartilage derived from hip joints with and without osteoarthritic lesions. The cell number was normalised to(More)