Klaus Bernhard Tenberge

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Claviceps purpurea is a biotrophic, organ-specific pathogen of grasses and cereals, attacking exclusively young ovaries. We have previously shown that its mainly intercellular growth is accompanied by degradation of pectin, and that two endopolygalacturonase genes (cppg1/cppg2) are expressed throughout all stages of infection. We report here on a functional(More)
Summary There is evidence that the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea is exposed to oxidative processes within plant tissues. The pathogen itself also generates active oxygen species and H(2)O(2) as pathogenicity factors. Our aim was to study how the pathogen may defend itself against cellular damage caused by the accumulation of H(2)O(2) and the(More)
Streptomyces sp. strain K30 was isolated from soil next to a city high way in Münster (Germany) according to its ability to degrade natural and synthetic poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) rubber and to form clear zones on natural rubber latex agar plates. The clear zone forming phenotype was used to clone the responsible gene by phenotypic complementation of a clear(More)
Cpmk2, encoding a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase from the ascomycete Claviceps purpurea, is an orthologue of SLT2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the first isolated from a biotrophic, non-appressorium-forming pathogen. Deletion mutants obtained by a gene replacement approach show impaired vegetative properties (no conidiation) and a significantly(More)
ABSTRACT Hydrogen peroxide of the host origin accumulates in plant apoplasts in response to pathogen attack and probably functions directly in defense reactions or in signaling, according to a previous study. Since Claviceps purpurea produces compatible interactions with hundreds of host species, we hypothesized that the fungus might interfere with(More)
ABSTRACT Claviceps purpurea is a common phytopathogenic fungus that colonizes ovarian tissue of grasses. A concerted approach involving cytological and molecular techniques was initiated to investigate the role of the fungus' xylanolytic system in the interaction. Using enzyme-gold and immuno-gold electron-microscopic techniques, the presence of(More)
SUMMARY The oxidative burst, a transient and rapid accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is a widespread defence mechanism of higher plants against pathogen attack. There is increasing evidence that the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea itself generates ROS, and that this capability could contribute to the virulence of the fungus. Two(More)
This paper describes the first purification method for crystalline inclusions (cores) from plant peroxisomes and an ultrastructural characterization of these isolated cores. 5-day-old sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cotyledon fractions which were highly enriched in cores showed negligible activity of the matrix enzyme glycolate oxidase but high catalase(More)
At the host-pathogen interface of hyphae penetrating host cell walls in the rye ovary, a lack of cellulase-gold labeling of beta-1, 4-glucan in host cell walls indicates that enzymatic degradation of cellulose might be an important factor during the infection of rye by Claviceps purpurea. Using cbh1 from Trichoderma reesei as a probe, a putative cellulase(More)
Immunogold labelling and electron microscopy were used to investigate whether catalase was present in peroxisomal inclusions, the composition of which has not yet been determined in plant cells. In the mesophyll cells of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cotyledons, the catalase gold label was confined to peroxisomes. At day 2 of postgerminative growth in(More)