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This is the first report on the biosynthesis of a hitherto unknown, sulfur-containing polyester and also the first report on a bacterial polymer containing sulfur in the backbone. The Gram-negative polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-accumulating bacterium Ralstonia eutropha synthesized a copolymer of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-mercaptopropionate, poly(3HB-co-3MP),(More)
A hitherto unknown copolymer that contains sulfur in the backbone linking 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-mercaptobutyrate by thioester linkages, poly(3HB-co-3MB), was synthesized by the polyhydroxyalkanoate-(PHA-) accumulating bacterium Ralstonia eutropha, when 3-mercaptobutyric acid was fed as the carbon source in addition to gluconate. The chemical structure of(More)
Fusarin C is a Fusarium mycotoxin that rearranges under reversed phase chromatographic conditions. In this study, the rearrangement of fusarin C was examined in detail, and the formation of fusarins under different conditions was optimized. All relevant fusarins including (10Z)-, (8Z)-, and (6Z)-fusarin C were isolated and identified by NMR. To confirm the(More)
Linear copolymeric polythioesters [PTE; poly(alpha,omega-alkanedioic acid-co-alpha,omega-alkanedithiols)] were formed in good yield (approximately 69%) by thioesterification of 1,12-dodecanedioic acid with 1,6-hexanedithiol and 1,8-octanedithiol, respectively, catalyzed by immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei (Lipozyme RM IM) in vacuo without a(More)
Whereas freshly pressed linseed oil provides a delicate nutty flavor, a lingering bitter off-taste is developing upon storage at room temperature. Using a sensory guided fractionation approach, the key bitter compound was identified in stored linseed oil, and its structure was determined as the methionine sulfoxide-containing, cyclic octapeptide cyclo(PLFIM(More)
Using peptides based on the amino acid sequences surrounding the two histidine residues in histone H4, we have investigated the kinetics of the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation reactions of their histidine residues, when reacted with potassium phosphoramidate, by (1)H NMR. We have been able to estimate rate constants for the reactions and have shown(More)
Cyanophycin (multi-l-arginyl-poly-l-aspartic acid; also known as cyanophycin grana peptide [CGP]) is a putative precursor for numerous biodegradable technically used chemicals. Therefore, the biosynthesis and production of the polymer in recombinant organisms is of special interest. The synthesis of cyanophycin derivatives consisting of a wider range of(More)
Apicidins are cyclic tetrapeptides with histone deacetylase inhibitory activity. Since their discovery in 1996 a multitude of studies concerning the activity against protozoa and certain cancer cell lines of natural and synthetic apicidin analogues have been published. Until now, the only published natural sources of apicidin are the fungus Fusarium(More)
2-Alkyl-4(1H)-quinolones (AQs) and related derivatives, which exhibit a variety of biological properties, are secondary metabolites produced by, e.g., Pseudomonas and Burkholderia spp. Due to their main role as signaling molecules in the quorum sensing system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone (HHQ) and its 3-hydroxy derivative, termed the(More)
Fusarium fujikuroi is a member of the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex and well known for the production of gibberellins and mycotoxins including fusarins and fusaric acid. A recent genome sequencing study revealed that the fungus has the genetic potential to produce many more secondary metabolites than have been reported. This paper describes the(More)