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This contribution provides a review of fundamental goals, development and future perspectives of driver assistance systems. Mobility is a fundamental desire of mankind. Virtually any society strives for safe and efficient mobility at low ecological and economic costs. Nevertheless, its technical implementation significantly differs among societies,(More)
This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility), driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate), driver's(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of traffic density and verbal tasks on takeover performance in highly automated driving. BACKGROUND In highly automated vehicles, the driver has to occasionally take over vehicle control when approaching system limits. To ensure safety, the ability of the driver to regain control of the driving(More)
Detection response tasks (DRTs) have been used in many different laboratory settings and their usage continues to spread. The degree to which the DRT is replicable and produces concurring results is an important characteristic of its validity. The current article presents a comparison of DRT performance across two separate experimental settings. Results are(More)
The goal of the project "Gaze Controlled Interaction with Peripheral Devices" was to extend the capability of the head based eye tracking system DIKABLIS to detect the gaze allocation to previously defined Areas of Interest (AOI) in real time. This allows initiating various events or commands when a test person is wearing the head unit and the gaze is(More)
To minimize the mental workload for the driver and to keep the increasing amount of information easily accessible, sophisticated display and interaction techniques are essential. This contribution focuses on a user-centered analysis for an authoritative grading of head-up displays (HUDs) in cars. Two studies delivered the evaluation data. In a field test,(More)
Despite the usefulness of new on-board information systems one has to be concerned about the potential distraction effects that they impose on the driver. Therefore, methods and procedures are necessary to assess the visual demand that is connected to the usage of an on-board system. The occlusion-method is considered a strong candidate as a procedure for(More)
Modeling and predicting human behavior is indispensable when industrial robots interacting with human operators are to be manipulated safely and efficiently. One challenge is that human operators tend to follow different motion patterns, depending on their intention and the structure of the environment. This precludes the use of classical estimation(More)
In this study we surveyed an approach to determine an user's need of assistance while operating an automotive human-machine interface by means of gestures. In an extensive usability study we investigated three characteristic features that seemed to be suitable for this approach. The first stage of our 2-stage methodology is a neural network based(More)