Klaus Badenhoop

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CYP27B1 (25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase) catalyzes the metabolization of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) the most active natural Vitamin D metabolite. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) plays a role in the regulation of autoimmunity and cell proliferation and prevents the development of autoimmune diabetes mellitus in animal models besides other(More)
Recent evidence suggests a role for vitamin D in pathogenesis and prevention of diabetes mellitus. Active vitamin D, 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), prevents type 1 diabetes in animal models, modifies T-cell differentiation, modulates dendritic cell action and induces cytokine secretion, shifting the balance to regulatory T cells. High-dose vitamin D supplementation(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] <50 nmol/L) is commonly reported in both children and adults worldwide, and growing evidence indicates that vitamin D deficiency is associated with many extraskeletal chronic disorders, including the autoimmune diseases type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Innate immunity contributes to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, but until now no randomised, controlled trials of blockade of the key innate immune mediator interleukin-1 have been done. We aimed to assess whether canakinumab, a human monoclonal anti-interleukin-1 antibody, or anakinra, a human interleukin-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiological studies have linked vitamin D deficiency with the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. Higher levels of the active metabolite 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D) could protect from immune destruction of the pancreatic beta-cells. 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D is derived from its precursor 25-hydroxyvitamin D by the enzyme 1(More)
BACKGROUND Gene variants known to contribute to Autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) susceptibility include those at the MHC, MICA, CIITA, CTLA4, PTPN22, CYP27B1, NLRP-1 and CD274 loci. The majority of the genetic component to disease susceptibility has yet to be accounted for. AIM To investigate the role of 19 candidate genes in AAD susceptibility in six(More)
BACKGROUND To perform a comprehensive study on the relationship between vitamin D metabolism and the response to interferon-α-based therapy of chronic hepatitis C. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Associations between a functionally relevant polymorphism in the gene encoding the vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1-1260 rs10877012) and the response to(More)
patients. Here we present findings contradicting this intriguing hypothesis. Autoimmunity and Transplantation Division The Walter and Eliza Hall The Endogenous IDDMK 1,2 22 Provirus Is Not a Novel Retrovirus Institute of Medical Research Royal Melbourne Hospital HERV-K is an endogenous retrovirus family of old world monkeys and humans with homologies to(More)
1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and 25(OH)D(3) have been associated with type 1 diabetes. Diverse enzymes are involved in the synthesis of these metabolites: the 25-Vitamin-D-hydroxylase (CYP2R1), the 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(3)-1-alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) and the 25(OH)D(3)-24-hydroxylase (CYP24) among others. Serum levels of 25(OH)D(3) and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) were investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Three genes have been confirmed as major joint susceptibility genes for endocrine autoimmune disease:human leukocyte antigen class II, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 and protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22. Recent studies showed that a genetic variation within the interferon induced helicase domain 1 (IFIH1) locus (rs1990760(More)