Learn More
Presently available hydrocephalus valves still are not perfect. There are two major drawbacks: They have a tendency to clog and do not take into account the posture of the patient. The latter results in an intracranial pressure which is either too high or too low. To avoid these problems a new valve was designed which is described in this article. It(More)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods based on three-dimensional (3D) vessel reconstructions have recently been shown to provide prognostically relevant hemodynamic data. However, the geometry reconstruction and the assessment of clinically relevant hemodynamic parameters may depend on the used imaging modality. In this study, the silicon model of the(More)
A study was conducted to measure in vitro the procoagulant properties of platelets induced by flow through Carbomedics bileaflet and Bjork-Shiley monoleaflet mechanical heart valves (MHVs). Valves were mounted in a left ventricular assist device, and platelets were circulated through them under pulsatile flow. Platelet activation states (PAS) were measured(More)
Between one-fourth and one-third of the energy in rowing is lost to the flow of water around the blade which decreases efficiency, i.e., the ratio of effective energy to expended energy. Hitherto the assessment of this hydrodynamic rowing efficiency was difficult and could not be achieved as a function of rowing angle and time. By recording the path of the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies suggest that local wall shear stress (WSS) patterns modulate the site and the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods based on in-vivo three-dimensional vessel reconstructions have recently been shown to provide prognostically relevant WSS data. This approach is, however, complex and(More)
Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in Germany. A long-term blood pressure measurement is crucial to identify hypertension which can lead to cardiovascular disease. Conventional techniques use the automatic arm cuff method which is painful and provides only intermittent results. A new method for continuous measurement is developed using a(More)
The carotid artery is of special interest for the pathologist because of its frequent depositions, and for the fluidmechanician because of its complex flow properties. However, there is a distinct lack in current knowledge of its geometry. Therefore, a vessel cast study was undertaken. At post mortem, the arteries are excised and filled with a special resin(More)
Even nowadays, the essential problem of mechanical heart valve prostheses is the risk of thromboembolic events mainly caused by unnatural hemodynamics, e.g. just a few years ago the Medtronic Parallel (MP) showed unsatisfactory clinical results caused by thrombi. Therefore, in vitro investigations of the whole leakage jets were performed at the MP in mitral(More)
The aim of this study was to determine a method for the numerical estimation of blood damage. Normally, human or animal blood is used for in vitro evaluation of lysis by artificial organs. However, blood has some disadvantages: large biological variability and different initial test conditions lead to nonreproducible test results. For that reason, it would(More)