Klas Wictorin

Learn More
In aged rodents, impairments in learning and memory have been associated with an age-dependent decline in forebrain of cholinergic function, and recent evidence indicates that the cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis, the septal-diagonal band area and the striatum undergo age-dependent atrophy. Thus, as in Alzheimer-type dementia in(More)
We have examined long-term growth-factor expanded human neural progenitors following transplantation into the adult rat brain. Cells, obtained from the forebrain of a 9-week old fetus, propagated in the presence of epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and leukemia inhibitory factor were transplanted into the striatum, subventricular zone(More)
Here we examined the ability of human neural progenitors from the embryonic forebrain, expanded for up to a year in culture in the presence of growth factors, to respond to environmental signals provided by the developing rat brain. After survival times of up to more than a year after transplantation into the striatum, the hippocampus, and the(More)
Neurons in the rat medial septum (MS) and vertical limb of the diagonal band of Broca (VDB) undergo a rapid and severe cell death after transection of their dorsal projection to the hippocampus by aspiration of the ipsilateral fimbria fornix and supracallosal striae. By 2 weeks posttransection, the extent of neuronal loss was 50% of the total neurons and(More)
In vitro expanded neural stemprogenitor cells can undergo region-specific differentiation after transplantation to the developing or adult brain, and display morphologies and markers characteristic of mature neurons. Here we have used patch-clamp techniques to explore whether grafted stem cells also can develop physiological properties of mature neurons and(More)
In the present study, we have characterized aspects of integration, growth and phenotypic differentiation of embryonic grafts derived from the selective dissection of either the lateral or medial portion of the ganglionic eminences of the rodent forebrain. Donor tissues were derived from embryonic day 15 rat, or embryonic day 14 mouse embryos, and injected,(More)
The specific identity of neuronal precursors within the embryonic brain is, at present, not clear. Here we show that cultures with glial characteristics derived from the embryonic mouse or human lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) can be expanded over many passages and maintain their glial identity. Interestingly, removal of serum and EGF from the culture(More)
Dopamine receptor-mediated Fos protein expression in the striatum has been used to monitor dopamine receptor activation at the cellular level after dopaminergic denervation and reinnervation by fetal nigral transplants. The pattern of striatal Fos expression after systemic administration of either the dopamine receptor agonist, apomorphine, or the(More)
Dissociated ventral mesencephalon of 6 to 8-week-old human embryos were implanted by stereotaxic injection at different sites along the nigrostriatal pathway in adult rats, previously subjected to a 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the intrinsic mesotelencephalic dopamine pathways. The recipients were immunosuppressed by daily injections of cyclosporin A to(More)