Klas Pekkari

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Human thioredoxin (Trx) catalyzes intracellular disulfide reductions but has also co-cytokine activity with interleukins after leaderless secretion. A recombinant truncated form of thioredoxin with the 80 N-terminal residues (Trx80) was purified to homogeneity. We discovered that Trx80 by itself is a potent mitogenic cytokine stimulating growth of resting(More)
Human thioredoxin (Trx) is the major 12-kd cellular disulfide-reductase that on secretion acts as a cocytokine with several interleukins. Truncated Trx with the 80 N-terminal residues (Trx80), also present in plasma, was by itself a mitogenic cytokine for human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). This study investigated which cells in PBMC are(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a ubiquitous intracellular protein disulfide oxidoreductase with a CXXC active site that can be released by various cell types upon activation. We show here that Trx is chemotactic for monocytes, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and T lymphocytes, both in vitro in the standard micro Boyden chamber migration assay and in vivo in the mouse(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is an intracellular multifunctional 12-kDa protein with a reduction/oxidation (redox) active disulfide constitutively expressed by most cells of the human body. Trx can also be released by cells such as lymphocytes upon activation or oxidative stress exposure and exert a cocytokine and cytoprotective activity. In addition, a truncated(More)
Recently we discovered that a naturally occurring C-terminally truncated thioredoxin (Trx80) is a potent mitogenic cytokine stimulating IL-12 production from CD40(+) monocytes. To further characterise Trx80 we have engineered cysteine to serine mutants of Trx80 corresponding to the active site cysteines of Trx (Trx80SGPS) and to the structural cysteine at(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a protein disulfide oxidoreductase that can be secreted and act as a chemoattractant for leukocytes. Like chemokines, it causes desensitization of monocytes against its chemotactic activity and that of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). To investigate the role of the redox properties of Trx, and particularly of some of its five(More)
Thioredoxin truncated at its carboxy terminal (Trx80) acts as a cytokine that stimulates monocytes and eosinophils. In the present study, Trx80 was shown to induce differentiation of human CD14(+) monocytes into a cell type not described previously, which we designate as Trx80-activated monocytes (TAMs). TAMs resemble immature dendritic cells (iDCs)(More)
UNLABELLED  Background. Smoking cessation prior to surgery has proven to be an effective means of reducing wound complications. The underlying mechanisms are poorly characterized. The present study is the first to investigate how short-term smoking cessation affects the thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems. METHODS A total of 21 daily smokers(More)
Human cytosolic thioredoxin (Trx), which is the 12-kDa protein disulfide reductase with the Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys active site and a key component of cellular redox biochemistry and regulation, acts as cocytokine upon leaderless secretion. A 10-kDa C-terminally truncated thioredoxin (Trx80) comprising the 80 or 84 N-terminal amino acids is also secreted and(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress and inflammation in the vessel wall may play important roles in the development of restenosis after angioplasty. Reactive oxygen species have been suggested to mediate the proliferative phenotype in smooth muscle cells. The role of the redox-active proteins, thioredoxin and glutaredoxin, after angioplasty in patients with(More)