Klas Gustafsson

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STUDY OBJECTIVE The study is an empirical investigation of sickness presenteeism in relation to occupation, irreplaceability, ill health, sickness absenteeism, personal income, and slimmed down organisation. DESIGN Cross sectional design. SETTING Swedish workforce. PARTICIPANTS The study group comprised a stratified subsample of 3801 employed persons(More)
OBJECTIVE Sickness presence, that is, going to work despite judging one's current state of health as such that sick leave should be taken, was investigated in relation to different work and background factors. METHODS The study group comprised a random sample of 3136 persons who responded to a questionnaire administered in conjunction with Statistics(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether self-reported sickness presence (SP) and self-reported sickness absence (SA) are specific risk factors for future health problems or reduced work ability in the active workforce. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study population consisted of a cohort based on a random sample (n = 2181) with data for 2004, 2005, and 2006. The(More)
BACKGROUND Disability pension has increased in recent decades and is seen as a public health and socioeconomic problem in Western Europe. In the Nordic countries, the increase has been particularly steep among young women. PURPOSE The aim was to analyze the influence of low social integration, socioeconomic risk conditions and different measures of(More)
AIM The aim was to describe how a multidisciplinary medical assessment changed the distribution of long-term sickness absentees between three different forms of social security support during a period of eleven years. METHODS The study group (n = 1002) consisted of persons on long-term sickness absence who were referred to a multidisciplinary medical(More)
To date, the understanding of how recovery from work relates to cortisol output is poor. Considering this, the present study set out to investigate the associations between self-ratings of 15 items of rest and recovery and salivary cortisol sampled every second hour across two working days. Data came from 12 female and 13 male white-collar workers and were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate what impact individuals' position in a labour market core-periphery structure may have on their risk of disability pension (DP) in general and specifically on their risk of DP based on mental or musculoskeletal diagnoses. METHODS The study comprised 45,567 individuals who had been interviewed for the annual Swedish Surveys of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the associations between psychological factors and return to work among long-term sickness absentees. DESIGN Longitudinal study with a 3-year follow-up. SUBJECTS Long-term sickness absentees (n = 905) who had undergone a multidisciplinary medical assessment. METHODS Three years after multidisciplinary medical assessment, return to(More)
OBJECTIVES The influence of family structure on the risk of going on disability pension (DP) was investigated among young women by analysing a short-term and long-term effect, controlling for potential confounding and the 'healthy mother effect'. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS This dynamic cohort study comprised all women born in Sweden between 1960 and 1979(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate how commonly employees take vacation or compensatory leave instead of sick leave, and how commonly they do not feel rested/recuperated following a fairly lengthy vacation. In the study group (n = 2,536), consisting of a representative sample based on Sweden's regular labor-market surveys, 14 percent of subjects had(More)