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BACKGROUND Blood contamination is commonly observed in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with extraventricular drainage systems. Because the introduction of blood may interfere with the white blood cell count as a useful marker for the diagnosis of an infection, correction for blood content would be desirable. METHODS In a(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive sampling of airway epithelial-lining-fluid by nasal lavage (NL) is an emerging method to monitor allergy, infection and inflammation in patients with respiratory diseases. However, the influences of collection-, processing- and storage-methods have not been sufficiently evaluated and standardized. METHODS Influences of repeated NL,(More)
BACKGROUND In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, the upper airways display the same ion channel defect as evident in the lungs, resulting in chronic inflammation and infection. Recognition of the sinonasal area as a site of first and persistent infection with pathogens, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, reinforces the "one-airway" hypothesis. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND Balanced levels of proteases and anti-proteases are essential in host defense systems. In CF patients' lungs, elevated protease/anti-protease-ratios contribute to damage of airway tissue and premature death with the inherited disease. Little is known about upper airway protease equilibrium in CF. METHODS Neutrophil elastase (NE), Secretory(More)
Whole blood aggregometry on the is a simple, fast and standardized method and it is widely used to assess platelet function under antiplatelet therapy. Reference ranges and a cut-off value as a measure of ASA response were established by measuring arachidonic acid induced aggregation (ASPI-test) in healthy volunteers and cardiac patients after and used to(More)
Deep venous thrombosis is a common disease that may lead to life-threatening embolism of the lung as a common complication. Therefore, early diagnosis followed by sufficient treatment is necessary to decrease mortality of this disease. D-dimer testing is established as a standard to rule out deep venous thrombosis in selected patient groups. However, there(More)
BACKGROUND Lupus anticoagulant (LA) is known to inhibit thrombin generation although patients have an increased risk to develop thrombosis. We tried to determine whether thrombin generation is altered in plasma samples of patients with abnormal test results in LA routine diagnostics and whether its measurement may improve the risk assessment of thrombosis.(More)
BACKGROUND This case report highlights the relevance of quantifying the BCR-ABL gene in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with suspected relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia in the central nervous system. CASE PRESENTATION We report on a female patient with isolated central nervous system relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) during peripheral remission(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic bacterial rhinosinusitis is a common feature in Cystic fibrosis (CF) as mucociliary clearance in the sinonasal compartment is impaired. Aim of the present prospective study was to compare dynamics of inflammatory markers in the upper and lower airways (UAW/LAW) during systemic antibiotic therapy. METHODS Nasal lavage and sputum of 16(More)
Generally accepted reference values in CSF diagnostics are not valid in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing large amounts of blood. Residual blood may obscure ventriculitis as diagnostics largely depend on parameters such as cell count, lactic acid and total protein measurement. We sought to improve the diagnostics by evaluating a cytokine panel and(More)