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The importance of Bax for induction of tumor apoptosis through death receptors remains unclear. Here we show that Bax can be essential for death receptor--mediated apoptosis in cancer cells. Bax-deficient human colon carcinoma cells were resistant to death-receptor ligands, whereas Bax-expressing sister clones were sensitive. Bax was dispensable for apical(More)
Apoptosis-inducing ligand 2 (Apo2L, also called TRAIL), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, induces apoptosis in a variety of human tumor cell lines but not in normal cells [Wiley, S. R., Schooley, K., Smolak, P. J., Din, W. S., Huang, C.-P., Nicholl, J. K., Sutherland, G. R., Smith, T. D., Rauch, C., Smith, C. A., and Goodwin, R. G. (1995)(More)
Apo2L/TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor gene family known to induce apoptosis in a number of cancer cell lines and may have broad-spectrum activity against human malignancies. These studies have evaluated the potency of recombinant soluble human Apo2L/TRAIL in a mouse xenograft model and(More)
Seven forms of a therapeutic recombinant antibody that binds to the her2/neu gene product were resolved by cation-exchange chromatography. Structural differences were assigned by peptide mapping and HIC after papain digestion. Deamidation of light chain asparagine 30 to aspartate in one or both light chains is responsible for two acidic forms. A low potency(More)
Overexpression of FGF receptor 3 (FGFR3) is implicated in the development of t(4;14)-positive multiple myeloma. While FGFR3 is frequently overexpressed and/or activated through mutations in bladder cancer, the functional importance of FGFR3 and its potential as a specific therapeutic target in this disease have not been elucidated in vivo. Here we report(More)
Antibodies to cell-surface antigens trigger activatory Fcγ receptor (FcγR)-mediated retrograde signals in leukocytes to control immune effector functions. Here, we uncover an FcγR mechanism that drives antibody-dependent forward signaling in target cells. Agonistic antibodies to death receptor 5 (DR5) induce cancer-cell apoptosis and are in clinical trials;(More)
This manuscript describes two sites in a human IgG1 that, when mutated individually or in combination, result in a dramatic increase in C1q binding and complement-dependent cytotoxicity activity. These two residues, K326 and E333, are located at the extreme ends of the C1q binding epicenter in the C(H)2 domain of a human IgG. A mutation to tryptophan at(More)
Extensive crosstalk among ErbB/HER receptors suggests that blocking signaling from more than one family member may be essential to effectively treat cancer and limit drug resistance. We generated a conventional IgG molecule MEHD7945A with dual HER3/EGFR specificity by phage display engineering and used structural and mutational studies to understand how a(More)
Apo2L/TRAIL stimulates cancer cell death through the proapoptotic receptors DR4 and DR5, but the determinants of tumor susceptibility to this ligand are not fully defined. mRNA expression of the peptidyl O-glycosyltransferase GALNT14 correlated with Apo2L/TRAIL sensitivity in pancreatic carcinoma, non-small-cell lung carcinoma and melanoma cell lines, and(More)