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Overexpression of FGF receptor 3 (FGFR3) is implicated in the development of t(4;14)-positive multiple myeloma. While FGFR3 is frequently overexpressed and/or activated through mutations in bladder cancer, the functional importance of FGFR3 and its potential as a specific therapeutic target in this disease have not been elucidated in vivo. Here we report(More)
This manuscript describes two sites in a human IgG1 that, when mutated individually or in combination, result in a dramatic increase in C1q binding and complement-dependent cytotoxicity activity. These two residues, K326 and E333, are located at the extreme ends of the C1q binding epicenter in the C(H)2 domain of a human IgG. A mutation to tryptophan at(More)
Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (Apo2L/TRAIL) is a tumor necrosis factor superfamily member that induces apoptosis through the death receptors DR4 and/or DR5 in various cancer cell types but not in most normal cells. Several lung cancer cell lines express DR4 and DR5 and undergo apoptosis in vitro in response to(More)
PURPOSE Apomab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that induces programmed cell death through the proapoptotic receptor DR5 in various cancer cells but not in normal cells. Several lung cancer cell lines express DR5 and exhibit apoptosis in response to apomab in vitro. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We investigated the efficacy of apomab and its interaction with(More)
Erlotinib (Tarceva), is an orally available, reversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; HER1) that exhibits inhibitory activity on purified HER2 kinase at much higher concentrations. Despite the minimal activity on purified protein in vitro, in vivo studies show that erlotinib inhibits the growth of HER2-driven systems effectively.(More)
Clinical results from the latest strategies for T-cell activation in cancer have fired interest in combination immunotherapies that can fully engage T-cell immunity. In this study, we describe a trastuzumab-based bispecific antibody, HER2-TDB, which targets HER2 and conditionally activates T cells. HER2-TDB specifically killed HER2-expressing cancer cells(More)
The anti-FcRH5/CD3 T cell-dependent bispecific antibody (TDB) targets the B cell lineage marker FcRH5 expressed in multiple myeloma (MM) tumor cells. We demonstrate that TDBs trigger T cell receptor activation by inducing target clustering and exclusion of CD45 phosphatase from the synapse. The dimensions of the target molecule play a key role in the(More)
Expression of PD-L1, the ligand for T-cell inhibitory receptor PD-1, is one key immunosuppressive mechanism by which cancer avoids eradication by the immune system. Therapeutic use of blocking antibodies to PD-L1 or its receptor PD-1 has produced unparalleled, durable clinical responses, with highest likelihood of response seen in patients whose tumour or(More)
Apo2L/TRAIL is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily and an important inducer of apoptosis. Recombinant human (rhu) Apo2L/TRAIL has been attractive as a potential cancer therapeutic because many types of tumor cells are sensitive to its apoptosis-inducing effects. Nonclinical toxicology studies were conducted to evaluate the safety of(More)