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The influence of activated sludge quality on the co-metabolic biodegradation of three aminocarboxylic [corrected] acids was investigated for a variety of Luxembourg sewage treatment plants. A combination of biodegradation experiments and respirometric techniques are presented as a reliable approach for the estimation of biokinetics and biological xenobiotic(More)
It has recently been argued that the fragmented knowledge on the social impacts of genetically modified (GM) crops is contributing to the polarised debate on the matter. This paper addresses this issue by systematically reviewing 99 peer-reviewed journal articles published since 2004 on the social impacts of GM crops in agriculture; summarising current(More)
Small-scale subsistence farmers in South Africa have been introduced to genetically modified (GM) crops for more than a decade. Little is known about i) the extent of transgene introgression into locally recycled seed, ii) what short and long-term ecological and socioeconomic impacts such mixing of seeds might have, iii) how the farmers perceive GM crops,(More)
Gene flow in agricultural crops is important for risk assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops, particularly in countries with a large informal agricultural sector of subsistence cultivation. We present a pollen flow model for maize (Zea mays), a major staple crop in Africa. We use spatial properties of fields (size, position) in three small-scale(More)
Already in the planning or monitoring phase, measures have to be realized for the reduction in emissions of bio-aerosols in biological waste treatment plants. For this purpose, operation-related measures (in open and partially closed plants) and technology-related measures (in closed plants with automatic ventilation) can be taken. A survey on the currently(More)
1. The transpiration in leaves of Bryophyllum daigremontianum exactly follows the changes in consumption of atmospheric carbon dioxide (caused by the Crassulaceen acid metabolism) during the light and dark periods. After removal of the epidermis no distinct rhythm in the course of transpiration can be observed any more, whereas the characteristic CO2(More)
In order to evaluate the environmental risk potential of the polymer-additives octadecyl-3-(3.5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate (additive 1) and tri-(2.4-di-t-butylphenyl)phosphite (additive 2) we have studied the degradation of the 14C-labelled single components and their release from a polypropylene matrix in abiotic and biotic test systems as well(More)
This study explored the social science-orientated literature on genetically modified (GM) crops in Europe and compared it with the corresponding literature on GM crops in African contexts, in order to determine the nature and extent of north-south cross-fertilisation in the literature. A total of 1625 papers on GM crops and agriculture falling within the(More)
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