Klaas Kramer

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Radiotelemetry is the "state of the art" for monitoring physiological functions in awake and freely moving laboratory animals, while minimizing stress artifacts. For researchers, especially those in the fields of pharmacology and toxicology, the technique provides a valuable tool for defining the physiological and pathophysiological consequences derived(More)
This paper describes for the first time the possibility to record the electrocardiogram (ECG) and heart rate (HR) with a commercially available telemetry and data acquisition system in freely moving mice. The system comprises a telemetry transmitter implanted in the peritoneal cavity and a receiver, placed underneath the home cage, an A/D converter (MacLab)(More)
A simple and reliable means for accurate, chronic measurement of pulsatile blood pressure (BP) from conscious, freely moving laboratory mice was developed and validated. The newly developed device consists of a small (1.9 ml, 3.4 g), fully implantable radiotelemetry transmitter. Initial frequency response tests showed an adequate dynamic response; the(More)
In a recent study in rats, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), the preferred plasma biomarker of hepatocellular injury in rats, was ineffective at detecting marked hepatic necrosis produced by acetaminophen (Human and Experimental Toxicology 19, 277-83, 2000). In contrast, glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) was markedly elevated. Accordingly, these enzymes were(More)
In our model of volume expanded dogs with an equilibrium between input and renal output of sodium and water halothane anesthesia (1,5 Vol.-% insp.) was performed. In deepening halothane anesthesia we found a progressive decrease of mean aortic pressure, GFR and renal sodium and water excretion. There was a strong correlation between GFR and sodium(More)
The properties of excitatory amino acid receptors in hippocampal slices were analyzed using agonist-induced stimulation of 22Na efflux rate. Several amino acids (L- and D-glutamate, N-methylaspartate) produce progressively smaller responses upon successive applications, whereas D,L-homocysteate does not. Several lines of evidence suggest that depletion of(More)
Doxorubicin is a very effective antitumor agent, but its clinical use is limited by the occurrence of a cumulative dose-related cardiotoxicity, resulting in congestive heart failure. 7-Monohydroxyethylrutoside (monoHER), a flavonoid belonging to the semisynthetic hydroxyethylrutoside family, has been shown to protect against doxorubicin-induced(More)
The flavonoid 7-monohydroxyethylrutoside (monoHER) can protect against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. A drawback of monoHER therapy would be the relatively high dose needed to obtain complete protection (500 mg/kg in mice). Therefore, we synthesized a series of new compounds with improved antioxidant properties. After characterization of antioxidant(More)
Radiotelemetry provides an alternative means of obtaining physiological measurements from awake and freely moving laboratory animals, without introducing stress artifacts. For researchers, especially those in the fields of pharmacology and toxicology, the technique may provide a valuable tool for predicting the effectiveness and safety of new compounds in(More)
To study the mutual interaction between physical exercise and antioxidant systems in rats, we selected swimming as a model for exercise performance. Swimming belongs to the natural behavior of a rat, which under proper experimental conditions, primarily involves physical exercise with little emotional arousal. Therefore, we developed a swimming basin in(More)