Kjell Vikenes

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BACKGROUND Blood platelets are related to coronary atherogenesis. Platelets secrete serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) which has several effects on the vascular wall and promotes thrombogenesis, mitogenesis, and proliferation of smooth muscle cells. Serotonin may therefore be one of the factors involved in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). We(More)
BACKGROUND Cardioversion or defibrillation of cardiac arrhythmias is often necessary in acutely ill cardiac patients. The electrical current may cause elevation of biochemical markers used to diagnose acute myocardial infarction. Therefore it is important to find cardiac markers with high specificity for myocardial necrosis. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Elevation of cardiac biochemical markers and ST segment depression in the electrocardiogram have important roles in the risk stratification of unstable coronary syndromes. We assessed graded duration of acute coronary ischaemia with ST depression versus release of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and conventional cardiac markers in 15 ischaemic pigs and(More)
An 83-year-old woman suddenly fell ill and was admitted to the hospital on suspicion of a heart attack. After admission she developed high fever, chills and malaise. Vibrio metshnikovii and Staphylococcus hominis were isolated from 2 separately obtained blood cultures. One of the cultures also yielded Escherichia coli. The patient's condition improved(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that patients with perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) are at higher risk for subsequent cardiac events and the identification of these patients is important. However, the diagnosis of perioperative MI can be difficult in many cases. The cardiac troponins are biomarkers with high cardiospecificity, and the aim of(More)
The long-term prognostic value of elevated cardiac biomarkers after elective cardiac surgery is not clear. The recent guidelines for diagnosing perioperative infarcts have advocated the use of similar thresholds for creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) mass and the cardiac troponins. However, few previous data are available comparing these biomarkers after cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVES The long-term prognostic value (> 5 years) of elevated cardiac biomarkers after elective coronary angioplasty is yet not clear. Most previous studies have included high risk, unstable patients and with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of CK-MB mass vs. the cardiac troponins (values ≥ 3 times the(More)
OBJECTIVES The long-term prognostic value (>5 years) of elevated cardiac biomarkers after elective cardiac surgery is not clear. Most previous studies have included high-risk, unstable patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) mass after elective cardiac surgery in low-risk patients with(More)
A 32-yr-old woman developed frequent watery diarrhea with occult blood after 3 days treatment with clindamycin vaginal cream. Clostridium difficile toxin was demonstrated in stool samples and was considered the cause of an antibiotic-associated diarrhea. No other antibiotic was used at least 3 months before the start of diarrhea. To our knowledge,(More)
We compared creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) mass and total creatine kinase (CK) sampled three times daily with conventional cardiac enzymes. The influence of the electrocardiogram (ECG) on admission, frequency of blood sampling, thrombolytic therapy, different upper reference limits of the biochemical markers and duration of symptoms were assessed in 100(More)