Kjell S. Sakariassen

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In the present study, we investigated whether high arterial shear stresses at various exposure times or a sudden increase in shear stress introduced by a stenosis affect platelet activation and platelet microparticle formation in native human blood. We used a parallel-plate perfusion chamber device through which nonanticoagulated human blood was drawn (10(More)
The early monocyte infiltration observed in normal wound repair and in a number of pathologic processes precedes the epithelial and connective tissue proliferative responses, suggesting that the monocyte/macrophage may be an important source of growth factors for these tissues. In culture, activated macrophages secrete growth factors active on fibroblasts,(More)
The relationship between the multimeric size of factor VIII-von Willebrand factor (FVIII-vWF) and the support of platelet adhesion to subendothelium was studied in an annular perfusion chamber, employing human renal and umbilical arteries. Commercial factor VIII concentrates containing multimers of low molecular weight that had been shown not to correct the(More)
A flat perfusion chamber was developed to study the interaction of blood platelets in flowing blood with cultured human vessel wall cells, their connective tissue matrix, and isolated connective tissue components at defined shear rate conditions. A cover slip covered with endothelial cells or extracellular matrix components was introduced into the chamber.(More)
Platelet adherence to human artery subendothelium in blood from eight normal subjects, four patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (deficiency of platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb and IIIa: GPIIb-IIIa), two patients with Bernard-Soulier syndrome (deficiency of platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib: GPIb) and one patient with von Willebrand's disease (VWD(More)
We have investigated the effect of moderate and strenuous exercise on experimental arterial thrombus formation in men. Thrombogenesis was measured in 15 sedentary healthy male volunteers at rest or immediately after two standardized exercise tests performed for 30 min on a bicycle ergometer. The exercises were performed at a constant load corresponding to(More)
Platelet thrombus formation on collagen fibrils is most pronounced at the upstream end of the surface, and it gradually decreases along the axis in parallel with the direction of the blood flow. This phenomenon, known as axial dependent platelet thrombus formation, is explained by the balance of the platelet supply to the surface and the consumption of(More)
Thrombosis on the damaged or ruptured vascular wall in a stenotic coronary artery is believed to be the precipitating factor leading to unstable angina. Little is known about the nature of the interactions among platelets, fluid dynamic factors, and vessel wall properties under such conditions. In the present investigation we have compared two experimental(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent ex vivo platelet aggregometry data indicate that clopidogrel 75 mg/day plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 75 mg/day is a more potent antiplatelet regimen than the marketed combination of dipyridamole+ASA. The present study was designed to assess the antithrombotic effect of both dual antiplatelet regimens using a human ex vivo model of(More)