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Secretory leucocyte protease inhibitor, SLPI, is a low-molecular-weight, acid-stable protein present in the liquid part of fresh human ejaculate but not demonstrable in the gel structure. No fragmentation of SLPI occurred during gel dissolution, but a slow proteolytic cleavage of SLPI was seen on incubation of the liquified semen at 37 degrees C. The same(More)
A radioimmunoassay for measurement of human pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor in nanogram quantities has been developed. The sensitivity of the assay now permits examination of the inhibitor content of various body fluids, wherein other methods exhibit serious short-comings. In healthy blood donors the serum level was 8.1 microgram/l. In patients with(More)
About five out of 1,000 patients admitted to hospital develop bacterial sepsis leading to shock, the mortality rate for which is high despite antibiotic therapy. The infection results in hypotension and poor tissue perfusion, and eventually leads to the failure of several organ systems. Bacterial endotoxin is thought to be the direct cause of shock in(More)
A multi-center double-blind trial was performed on 48 patients with severe acute pancreatitis. All patients were treated with intraperitoneal lavage. One group (n=22) was also treated with high doses of the protease inhibitor, aprotinin (Trasylol; Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany) administered intraperitoneally. Eight patients died, giving a total mortality of(More)
A 24-kDa protein was purified from human neutrophil extracts and shown to be the newly discovered neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), based on structural and immunochemical data. A specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the determination of NGAL in human plasma and tissue fluids. Normal human plasma contains 72(More)
A potent inhibitor of human leukocyte elastase (EC 3.4.21.37) and cathepsin G (EC 3.4.21.20) and of human trypsin (EC 3.4.21.4) has been purified from human parotid secretions. The complete amino acid sequence of this protein has been determined. The sequence suggests that the protein has two domains of about 54 amino acids, each of which contains four(More)
A radioimmunological method for determination of human cathodal trypsin-like immunoreactivity is described. DFP-treated human cathodal trypsin is used as standard and tracer. Freshly drawn normal human plasma contains about 25 microgram/l of cathodal trypsin-like immunoreactivity measured as DFP-treated cathodal trypsin. The normally circulating cathodal(More)
Large amounts of free granulocyte elastase (GE), an enzyme capable of mediating airway damage, have been found in bronchial secretions of patients with cystic fibrosis who are infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This finding indicates an imbalance between GE and its antiproteases, alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) and bronchial mucosal inhibitor(More)
Human granulocytes release 25-30% of the granular neutral proteases, collagenase and elastase, to the exterior of the cell during phagocytosis of yeast cells or immune complexes. Similar amounts of myeloperoxidase and lactoferrin are released. Crossed immunoelectrophoresis demonstrated that collagenase and elastase released extracellularly formed complexes(More)
OBJECTIVE Neutrophil elastase (NE), a multifunctional serine protease stored in azurophilic granules of mature neutrophils, is capable of intracellular degradation of proteins during phagocytosis and extracellular degradation of connective tissue during an inflammatory process. Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a natural NE inhibitor present(More)