Kjell Ohlsson

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About five out of 1,000 patients admitted to hospital develop bacterial sepsis leading to shock, the mortality rate for which is high despite antibiotic therapy. The infection results in hypotension and poor tissue perfusion, and eventually leads to the failure of several organ systems. Bacterial endotoxin is thought to be the direct cause of shock in(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical and biochemical effects of a low starting dose for gold therapy in rheumatoid arthritis patients with a contact allergy to gold. METHODS Serum cytokines were assayed before and 24 h after the first injection of gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM). RESULTS Contact allergy to gold was found in 4 of 19 patients. Compared to(More)
Biopsy samples of head and neck carcinomas were investigated with regard to elafin, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), interleukin 1-receptor antagonist [(IL)1-RA] and soluble tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor antagonist (STNFalpha RI). SLPI and elafin are serine protease inhibitors produced in the serous cells of the upper respiratory(More)
In this work we have focused on the ability of interleukin-1 to induce an acute phase protein response and a degranulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vivo. The capacity of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist to influence these events was also investigated. It was shown that interleukin-1 induced an acute phase protein response in rats and mice. In(More)
Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) used during cardiac surgery causes activation of several inflammatory systems. These events are not fully understood but are responsible for complications during the immediate postoperative period. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a member of the expanding lipocalin family, has recently been described as an(More)
Secretory leucocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a potent inhibitor of granulocyte elastase and cathepsin G, and also an inhibitor of pancreatic enzymes like trypsin, chymotrypsin and pancreatic elastase. SLPI has also been shown to inhibit HIV-1 infections by blocking viral DNA synthesis. Since SLPI is an inhibitor of pancreatic proteases we wished to(More)
The secretory leucocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI) is a low molecular weight, tissue-specific inhibitor of, for example, elastase and cathepsin G, which also have antimicrobial capacity. SLPI has been localised to the respiratory, gastrointestinal and genital tracts, but so far not to the kidney. The presence of SLPI in renal tubuli cells was demonstrated(More)
In this work we have studied the acute phase protein response and degranulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vivo in the rat after a slow interleukin-1beta stimulation. A total dose of 1 mug, 2 mug, 4 mug and 0 mug (controls with only vehicle) of interleukin-1beta was released from osmotic minipumps over a period of 7 days. The pumps were implanted(More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a well-known protease inhibitor. Its function is thought to be protease/protease-inhibitor balance. Free proteolytic activity, mainly pancreatic elastase, anionic trypsin and granulocytic elastase, has been demonstrated in faecal extracts from patients with ulcerative colitis. We wanted to verify that SLPI is(More)
The secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a low-molecular-weight inhibitor of proteases, such as elastase and cathepsin G which are released from leukocytes during phagocytosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not SLPI is able to inhibit IgE-mediated histamine release. Nasal mucosa from 11 test subjects without atopic(More)