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A Gram-positive, extremely halotolerant bacterium was isolated from the Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA. The strain, designated NNT (= DSM 11805T), was strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by peritrichous flagella and spore-forming. Strain NNT grew at salinities of 0-20% (w/v) NaCl. A distinctive feature of strain NNT was its optimal growth in salt-free medium.(More)
The diversity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) inhabiting the extreme hypersaline sediment (270 g L(-1) NaCl) of the northern arm of Great Salt Lake was studied by integrating cultivation and genotypic identification approaches involving PCR-based retrieval of 16S rRNA and dsrAB genes, the latter encoding major subunits of dissimilatory (bi) sulfite(More)
Sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) cause severe problems like microbial corrosion and reservoir souring in seawater-injected oil production systems. One strategy to control SRP activity is the addition of nitrate to the injection water. Production waters from two adjacent, hot (80 degrees C) oil reservoirs, one with and one without nitrate treatment, were(More)
Strain AX-2T (T = type strain) was isolated from sediment of Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA. Optimal salinity for growth was 27% (w/v) NaCl and only a few carbohydrates supported growth of the strain. Strain AX-2T did not grow on complex substrates such as yeast extract or peptone. 16S rRNA analysis revealed that strain AX-2T was a member of the phyletic group(More)
The oxygen tolerance of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) present in activated sludge was studied in batch incubations using radiolabeled [35S]sulfate and a most probable number (MPN) technique employing activated sludge medium. Sulfate reduction (SR) could not be detected in activated sludge during oxic incubation or in the presence of nitrate. However, upon(More)
The diversity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in brackish sediment was investigated using small-subunit rRNA and dissimilatory sulfite reductase (DSR) gene clone libraries and cultivation. The phylogenetic affiliation of the most commonly retrieved clones for both genes was strikingly similar and produced Desulfosarcina variabilis-like sequences from the(More)
A cyanide-metabolizing bacterium, strain DF3, isolated from soil was identified as Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans. Whole cells and cell extracts of strain DF3 catalyzed hydrolysis of cyanide to formate and ammonia (HCN + 2H2O----HCOOH + NH3) without forming formamide as a free intermediate. The cyanide-hydrolyzing activity was inducibly(More)
A new mesophilic sulphate-reducing bacterium, designated strain DvO5(T) (T=type strain), was isolated from the outermost sulphate reduction-positive most-probable-number tube (10(-6) dilution) of an activated sludge sample, which had been oxygenated at 100% air saturation for 120 h. The motile, Gram-negative, curved 1 by 2-5 microm and non-spore-forming(More)
Bacterial sulfate reduction in the surface sediment and the water column of Lake Mendota, Madison, Wis., was studied by using radioactive sulfate (SO(4)). High rates of sulfate reduction were observed at the sediment surface, where the sulfate pool (0.2 mM SO(4)) had a turnover time of 10 to 24 h. Daily sulfate reduction rates in Lake Mendota sediment(More)
The present study addresses the effects of oxygen exposure on the aerobic and anaerobic respiratory activity of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans strain DvO1. This strain was isolated from the highest sulfate-reduction positive most-probable-number dilution (10(6)) of an activated sludge sample, which had been subjected to 120 h of continuous aeration. Washed(More)