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A new method is presented for estimating the parameters of two different models of a joint. The two models are: (1) A rotational joint with a fixed axis of rotation, also referred to as a hinge joint and (2) a ball and socket model, corresponding to a spherical joint. Given the motion of a set of markers, it is shown how the parameters can be estimated,(More)
It is shown that a recently published least squares method for the estimation of the average center of rotation is biased. Consequently, a correction term is proposed, and an iterative algorithm is derived for finding a bias compensated solution to the least squares problem.The accuracy of the proposed bias compensated least squares method is compared to(More)
Gymnasts are known to practice and compete although suffering from injuries and pain. Pain may change strategies for postural control. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate how center of pressure (COP) measurements are influenced by low back pain and lower extremity injury in top-level female gymnasts. A secondary aim was to study the(More)
The prognostic value of Laurén's histopathological classification system and the ABO blood group system has been studied in 275 patients with cancer of the stomach. The study disclosed a higher rate of tumours of intestinal type in females aged 70 years or more compared with those under 70 years, but no such relation for males. We found no relation between(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of two eccentric rehabilitation protocols for patients with symptomatic patellar tendinopathy. A new eccentric overload training device was compared with the present standard eccentric rehabilitation programme on a decline board. DESIGN Prospective, randomised clinical trial. SETTING Sports rehabilitation(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the outcome of a physiotherapy program targeted to improve the quality of life of people with cervical dystonia (CD) by reducing pain, improving awareness of postural orientation, increasing muscle strength, and reducing the effort of moving the head and neck. In six single case studies, the primary outcome measure for(More)
Rigid body pose is commonly represented as the rigid body transformation from one (often reference) pose to another This is usually computed for each frame of data without any assumptions or restrictions on the temporal change of the pose. The most common algorithm was proposed by Söderkvist and Wedin (1993, "Determining the Movements of the Skeleton Using(More)
Most falls in older people are due to loss of balance during everyday locomotion, e.g., when initiating walking from sitting; sit-to-walk (STW). It has been considered that the broader stride width in walking that is seen in many people with fear of falling (FoF) does not increase stability, but could be predictive of future falls because of increased(More)
Local bone deformation was registered at two predominant injury sites for tibial stress fractures in a healthy female volunteer. Two instrumented strain gauge staples were inserted under local anesthesia to the anterior middiaphysis (AM) and to the posteromedial part of the distal tibia (PD). Calibration and reliability of the instrumented staple system(More)
The correlation between mechanical factors of running and running economy as measured by metabolic cost is a subject of much interest in the study of locomotion. However, no change in running technique has been shown to result in an immediate improvement in running economy on an intra-individual basis. To evaluate the effect of a modified running technique,(More)