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Phosphorylation of rat non-muscle caldesmon by cdc2 kinase causes reduction in most of caldesmon's properties, including caldesmon's binding to actin, myosin, and calmodulin, as well as its inhibition of actomyosin ATPase. We have generated and characterized the COOH terminus of caldesmon mutants lacking mitosis-specific phosphorylation sites, because the(More)
The recently identified transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family member, TRPV4 (formerly known as OTRPC4, VR-OAC, TRP12, and VRL-2) is activated by hypotonicity. It is highly expressed in the kidney as well as blood-brain barrier-deficient hypothalamic nuclei responsible for systemic osmosensing. Apart from its gating by hypotonicity, little is(More)
The cellular response to genotoxic stress that damages DNA includes cell cycle arrest, activation of DNA repair, and in the event of irreparable damage, induction of apoptosis. However, the signals that determine cell fate, that is, survival or apoptosis, are largely unknown. The delta isoform of protein kinase C (PKCdelta) has been implicated in many(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a fundamental role in the early stages of breast cancer invasion. Snail, a zinc finger transcriptional repressor, is an important regulator of EMT. Snail is phosphorylated by GSK3β and is subsequently degraded by βTrCP-mediated ubiquitination. We identified an additional kinase, DYRK2, that regulates Snail(More)
c-Abl is a ubiquitously expressed tyrosine kinase that participates in a diverse array of cellular signaling cascades. The cellular response elicited by c-Abl depends upon its location in cells. Retention of c-Abl in the cytoplasm results in cell proliferation and survival. By contrast, nuclear c-Abl becomes activated and induces apoptosis following(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is activated in the cellular response to genotoxic stress. Transactivation of p53 target genes dictates cell cycle arrest and DNA repair or induction of apoptosis; however, a molecular mechanism responsible for these distinct functions remains unclear. Recent studies revealed that phosphorylation of p53 on Ser(46) was associated(More)
The ubiquitously expressed c-Abl tyrosine kinase localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus. Nuclear c-Abl is activated by diverse genotoxic agents and induces apoptosis; however, the mechanisms that are responsible for nuclear targeting of c-Abl remain unclear. Here, we show that cytoplasmic c-Abl is targeted to the nucleus in the DNA damage response. The(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is tightly modulated by IkappaB kinases and IkappaBalpha in the cytoplasm. On stimulation, NF-kappaB translocates into the nucleus to initiate transcription; however, regulation of its transcriptional activity remains obscure. Here, we show that protein kinase C (PKC) delta controls the main subunit of NF-kappaB, RelA/p65.(More)
The ubiquitously expressed c-Abl tyrosine kinase is activated in the apoptotic response of cells to DNA damage. The mechanisms by which c-Abl signals the induction of apoptosis are not understood. Here we show that c-Abl binds constitutively to the mammalian homolog of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rad9 cell cycle checkpoint protein. The SH3 domain of c-Abl(More)