Kiyotsugu Yoshida

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The recently identified transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family member, TRPV4 (formerly known as OTRPC4, VR-OAC, TRP12, and VRL-2) is activated by hypotonicity. It is highly expressed in the kidney as well as blood-brain barrier-deficient hypothalamic nuclei responsible for systemic osmosensing. Apart from its gating by hypotonicity, little is(More)
The cellular response to genotoxic stress that damages DNA includes cell cycle arrest, activation of DNA repair, and in the event of irreparable damage, induction of apoptosis. However, the signals that determine cell fate, that is, survival or apoptosis, are largely unclear. The tumor suppressor p53 has been implicated in many important cellular processes,(More)
The ubiquitously expressed c-Abl tyrosine kinase localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus. Nuclear c-Abl is activated by diverse genotoxic agents and induces apoptosis; however, the mechanisms that are responsible for nuclear targeting of c-Abl remain unclear. Here, we show that cytoplasmic c-Abl is targeted to the nucleus in the DNA damage response. The(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is activated in the cellular response to genotoxic stress. Transactivation of p53 target genes dictates cell cycle arrest and DNA repair or induction of apoptosis; however, a molecular mechanism responsible for these distinct functions remains unclear. Recent studies revealed that phosphorylation of p53 on Ser(46) was associated(More)
BRCA1 (BReast-CAncer susceptibility gene 1) and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes, the mutant phenotypes of which predispose to breast and ovarian cancers. Intensive research has shown that BRCA proteins are involved in a multitude of pivotal cellular processes. In particular, both genes contribute to DNA repair and transcriptional regulation in response to(More)
Genotoxic stress exerts biological activity by activating downstream effectors, including the p53 tumor suppressor. p53 regulates cell-cycle checkpoint and induction of apoptosis in response to DNA damage; however, molecular mechanisms responsible for committing to these distinct functions remain to be elucidated. Recent studies demonstrated that(More)
Phosphorylation of rat non-muscle caldesmon by cdc2 kinase causes reduction in most of caldesmon's properties, including caldesmon's binding to actin, myosin, and calmodulin, as well as its inhibition of actomyosin ATPase. We have generated and characterized the COOH terminus of caldesmon mutants lacking mitosis-specific phosphorylation sites, because the(More)
The cellular response to genotoxic stress that damages DNA includes cell cycle arrest, activation of DNA repair, and in the event of irreparable damage, induction of apoptosis. However, the signals that determine cell fate, that is, survival or apoptosis, are largely unknown. The delta isoform of protein kinase C (PKCdelta) has been implicated in many(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a fundamental role in the early stages of breast cancer invasion. Snail, a zinc finger transcriptional repressor, is an important regulator of EMT. Snail is phosphorylated by GSK3β and is subsequently degraded by βTrCP-mediated ubiquitination. We identified an additional kinase, DYRK2, that regulates Snail(More)
The cellular response to genotoxic stress includes activation of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta). The functional role of PKCdelta in the DNA damage response is unknown. The present studies demonstrate that PKCdelta is required in part for induction of the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK/JNK) in cells treated with 1-beta-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine(More)