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Regulation of gene expression of three putative long-chain fatty acid transport proteins, fatty acid translocase (FAT), mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase (mAspAT), and fatty acid transport protein (FATP), by drugs that activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma were studied using normal and obese mice and rat hepatoma(More)
PPARgamma is a ligand-activated transcription factor and functions as a heterodimer with a retinoid X receptor (RXR). Supraphysiological activation of PPARgamma by thiazolidinediones can reduce insulin resistance and hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes, but these drugs can also cause weight gain. Quite unexpectedly, a moderate reduction of PPARgamma activity(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma is a ligand-activated transcription factor and a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that is thought to be the master regulator of fat storage; however, the relationship between PPARgamma and insulin sensitivity is highly controversial. We show here that supraphysiological activation of(More)
A systematic analysis to examine the effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha agonists on the expression levels of all the nutrient/drug plasma-membrane transporters in the mouse small intestine was performed. Transporter mRNAs that were induced or repressed by two independent PPARalpha-specific agonists were identified by a(More)
Recent research in neural development has highlighted the importance of markers to discriminate phenotypic alterations of neural cells at various developmental stages. We isolated a new monoclonal antibody, 4F2, which was shown to be specific for an oligodendrocyte lineage. In primary cultures of oligodendroglial and mixed neural cells, the 4F2 antibody(More)
Primary human hepatocytes are extensively used to study the potential of drugs to induce cytochrome P450 (CYP). However, the activities of these enzymes decrease rapidly during culture. Previously we reported that in a layered co-culture system with HepG2 and bovine endothelial cells, the expression levels of various CYP genes were significantly increased(More)
Fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36 is a glycoprotein involved in multiple membrane functions including uptake of long-chain fatty acids and oxidized low density lipoprotein. In mice, expression of the gene is regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha in the liver and by PPAR gamma in the adipose tissues (Motojima, K., Passilly, P.(More)
17beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 11 (17betaHSD11) is mostly localized on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane under normal conditions and redistributes to lipid droplets (LDs) when the formation of LDs is induced. In this study, confocal microscopy analyses of the subcellular localization of the mutated 17betaHSD11 proteins in cells with or(More)
The tissue distribution and disposition of carnitine, which plays an important role in the transport of long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial inner membrane for beta-oxidation, are well controlled by carnitine transporter organic cation/carnitine transporter 2 (OCTN2). Since little information is available on regulation of the expression of the(More)
Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor that mediates the selective uptake of HDL cholesterol and cholesterol secretion into bile in the liver. Previously, we identified an SR-BI-associated protein, termed PDZK1, from rat liver membrane extracts. PDZK1 contains four PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) domains, the first of(More)