Kiyoto Kanbara

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Gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult mammalian brain. GABA is also considered to be a multifunctional molecule that has different situational functions in the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and in some nonneuronal tissues. GABA is synthesized primarily from glutamate by glutamate(More)
We investigated the GABAergic system within the Sprague-Dawley rat (2-3-weeks old) trigeminal ganglion (TG). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed expression of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) 65 and GAD67 mRNAs and mRNAs encoding GABA(A) receptor subunits alpha1-6, beta1-3, gamma1-3, and delta. In situ hybridization(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, is also found in many peripheral nonneuronal tissues, including male reproductive organs. However, the distribution of GABAergic cells in various organs is not known. The GAD67-GFP knock-in mouse is a useful model for studying the distribution and morphology of(More)
Changes in the fiber-type ratio and diameter during limb lengthening in 10 adult rabbits were studied using histochemical techniques. Changes in the ratio and diameter of muscle fibers (classified as type 1, 2A, or 2B fibers) in tibialis anterior muscles were examined after 20% gradual distraction of the tibia. There was an increase in the number of type 1(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and GABAB receptor subunits are expressed within the acrosome of spermatids during spermiogenesis. Furthermore, our previous study with the glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) 67-GFP knock-in mouse demonstrated that GFP-positive cells were localized to the epithelium of the(More)
We analyzed fiber types in rat skeletal muscles using a novel combination of in situ hybridization of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) mRNA, and enzyme histochemistry for succinate dehydrogenase (SD), which displayed metabolic properties. The fiber types were classified into the four major subtypes of I(beta/slow), IIA, IIX and IIB, and their intermediate types(More)
Our previous study showed the local production of γ-aminobutyrate (GABA) in hypertrophic-zone chondrocytes of the rat tibial growth plate, an important long bone growth site. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of GABA receptors in growth plate chondrocytes by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry.(More)
It is well known that Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in signal transduction in the central nervous system. However, the function of GABA in the peripheral nervous system, including sensory ganglions, is still unclear. In this study we have characterized the expression, cellular distribution, and function of GABA(B) receptor subunits,(More)
Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to visualize the radioautograph at the light-microscope level. Confocal reflectance images from developed silver grains were overlaid with the differential interference contrast image of the tissue. With this technique, a well-focused radioautograph can be taken of both tissue sections and all of the silver grains(More)
In the present study, differences in glucose uptake by muscle fibers in deep, middle, and superficial regions of the gastrocnemius were studied at rest by 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) microautoradiography. Expression of the glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4) protein, an isoform of the glucose transporter family, was analyzed as well. These data were compared with the(More)