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Revertants were isolated from the protease activation mutant of Sendai virus, F1-R, which causes a systemic infection in mice. The fusion (F) glycoprotein of F1-R is susceptible to activation cleavage by ubiquitous cellular proteases and is thus responsible for pantropism in mice (Tashiro et al., 1988. Virology 165, 577-583). The revertants regained several(More)
Wild-type Sendai virus is exclusively pneumotropic in mice, while a host range mutant, F1-R, is pantropic. The latter was attributed to structural changes in the fusion (F) glycoprotein, which was cleaved by ubiquitous proteases present in many organs (M. Tashiro, E. Pritzer, M. A. Khoshnan, M. Yamakawa, K. Kuroda, H.-D. Klenk, R. Rott, and J. T. Seto,(More)
Tryptase Clara is an arginine-specific serine protease localized exclusively in and secreted from Clara cells of the bronchial epithelium of rats (H. Kido, Y. Yokogoshi, K. Sakai, M. Tashiro, Y. Kishino, A. Fukutomi, and N. Katunuma, J. Biol. Chem. 267:13573-13579, 1992). The purified protease was shown in vitro to behave similarly to trypsin, cleaving the(More)
By growing VERO cells infected with 5 PFU/cell of influenza virus B/Lee/40, a latently infected culture was readily established (L/V cells). The cells continued to multiply stably, excreting a small amount of virus in the beginning, which sharply declined according to cell division to undetectable level by day 9. However, nucleotide sequences for all the 8(More)
Influenza viruses rarely cause acute encephalopathy. Post-influenzal encephalitis, which occurs a few weeks after recovery from influenza is thought to be an autoimmune process associated with demyelination and vasculopathy. It has been suggested that Economo lethargic encephalitis followed by postencephalitic Parkinsonism was associated with the influenza(More)
Incorporation of trypsin in agar overlay or fluid maintenance media resulted in enhancement of plaquing efficiency and replication of influenza B viruses in primary chicken embryo fibroblasts. Using this improved technique, recombination was attempted with two serologically distinct strains of influenza B virus, B/Lee/40 and B/Massachusetts/1/71. After(More)
An influenza A virus, A/turkey/Oregon/71, was shown by protein gel analysis to code for an NS1 protein approximately half the size of those of other influenza A viruses. Sequence analysis of the NS gene of this virus revealed a 10 nucleotide deletion resulting in an NS1 protein of only 124 amino acids. This truncated NS1 polypeptide retained its karyophilic(More)
A protease activation mutant of Sendai virus, F1-R, causes a systemic infection in mice, whereas wild-type virus is exclusively pneumotropic (M. Tashiro, E. Pritzer, M. A. Khoshnan, M. Yamakawa, K. Kuroda, H.-D. Klenk, R. Rott, and J. T. Seto, Virology 165:577-583, 1988). Budding of F1-R has been observed bidirectionally at the apical and basolateral(More)
By repeated backcrosses of influenza virus A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) with B/Yamagata/1/73 in MDCK cells, a virus clone with HA of B serotype (clone B/610B5B/201, or clone 201) was obtained, which formed sharp plaques in MDCK cells and induced a severe cell lysis early after infection. Its structural proteins were indistinguishable from those of B/Yamagata.(More)