Kiyotaka Tanaka

Learn More
Transcriptional activity of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is induced by environmental signals including inflammation, UV irradiation and oxidative stress. It was shown that the NF-kappaB activity greatly contributes to the skin photoaging process. Thus, it is plausible that NF-kappaB inhibitors could directly prevent skin photoaging. In this study, we(More)
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) catalyzes the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter, from glutamate. An expression of GAD protein has been reported for brain and pancreas, but not for skin. In this study, we present evidence that GAD67 mRNA and protein are expressed in mouse skin and in human dermal fibroblasts. The(More)
Aging of skin is characterized by skin wrinkling, laxity, and pigmentation induced by several environmental stress factors. Histological changes during the photoaging of skin include hyperproliferation of keratinocytes and melanocytes causing skin wrinkles and pigmentation. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is one of the representative transcription factors(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for image retrieval by combining textual and object-based visual features in order to reduce the inconsistency between the subjective user’s similarity interpretation and the retrieval results produced by objective similarity models. A novel multi-scale segmentation framework is proposed to detect prominent image(More)
Mast cells are widely distributed in the connective tissue of the body, but are particularly prominent in tissues such as skin. An increased number of mast cells can be found in the dermis under inflammatory conditions and ultraviolet (UV) exposed skin. Previous investigations have identified matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as key enzymes in the(More)
The skin photoaging is characterized by keratinocyte hyperproliferation and degradation of collagen fibers, causing skin wrinkling and laxity and melanocyte proliferation that leads to pigmentation. UV is considered to be a major cause of such skin changes. It is well established that nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is activated upon UV irradiation and(More)
The skin photoaging is an inevitable process that occurs in daily life. It ischaracterized by acceralated keratinocyte proliferation and degradation of collagen fibers, causing skin wrinkling and laxity, and melanocyte proliferation that leads to pigmentation. Ultraviolet (UV) is considered to be a major cause of such skin changes. It is well established(More)
One of the major problems with existing content-based image retrieval systems is that their objective similarity can rarely match the user’s subjective and context-dependent similarity interpretation. We propose a novel approach to linking images and textual information to overcome this problem. First, salient image objects and also their structural and(More)
The production of melanin is regulated by α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), which is produced from proopiomelanocortin (POMC). Keratinocytes release POMC along with lower levels of α-MSH and ACTH. To clarify the mechanism of melanogenesis after ultraviolet (UV)-irradiation, this study focused on the expression of POMC and POMC-derived peptides after(More)