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Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with ferromagnetic electrodes possessing a perpendicular magnetic easy axis are of great interest as they have a potential for realizing next-generation high-density non-volatile memory and logic chips with high thermal stability and low critical current for current-induced magnetization switching. To attain perpendicular(More)
Direct three-dimensional laser writing of amorphous waveguides inside glass has been studied intensely as an attractive route for fabricating photonic integrated circuits. However, achieving essential nonlinear-optic functionality in such devices will also require the ability to create high-quality single-crystal waveguides. Femtosecond laser irradiation is(More)
Experimental Fs laser with a wavelength of 800 nm was produced by a regenerative amplified mode-locked Ti: sapphire laser (100 fs pulse duration, 1 kHz repetition rate) and focused on the bulk graphite (or bagasse) target immersed in the solution or into the graphene dispersion in the ethanol for ablation. In the case of graphene dispersion case, the(More)
Diamond is a promising platform for sensing and quantum processing owing to the remarkable properties of the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) impurity. The electrons of the NV center, largely localized at the vacancy site, combine to form a spin triplet, which can be polarized with 532 nm laser light, even at room temperature. The NV's states are isolated from(More)
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