Kiyotaka Hitomi

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Homozygosity for Cst6 null alleles causes the phenotype of the ichq mouse, which is a model for human harlequin ichthyosis (OMIM 242500), a genetically heterogeneous group of keratinization disorders. Here we report evidence for the mechanism by which deficiency of the cysteine protease inhibitor cystatin M/E (the Cst6 gene product) leads to disturbed(More)
Unlike in mammals, fish retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) have a capacity to repair their axons even after optic nerve transection. In our previous study, we isolated a tissue type transglutaminase (TG) from axotomized goldfish retina. The levels of retinal TG (TG(R)) mRNA increased in RGCs 1-6weeks after nerve injury to promote optic nerve regeneration both in(More)
Differentiated osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1 expresses transglutaminase 2 (TG2) and Factor XIII (FXIII). In previous studies, we identified isozyme-specific and highly reactive glutamine-donor substrate peptides (pepF11KA and pepT26) for each isozyme. Using these peptides, we compared the reaction products with lysine-donor substrates for each isozyme in(More)
Microtubule components α- and β-tubulin undergo a number of posttranslational modifications that modulate their dynamics and cellular functions. These modifications include polyamination and covalent crosslinking by transglutaminase enzymes. We have demonstrated previously that the less dynamic and more stable tubulin form—detyrosinated Glu-tubulin—is found(More)
Transglutaminases (TGs) comprise a protein family in which the members catalyze the formation of isopeptide bonds between glutamine and lysine residues in various proteins. Expression studies on its three major members, FXIII, TG1, and TG2, have been performed in a relatively large number of mammalian tissues in comparison with those on the other isozymes.(More)
Transglutaminases are a family of enzymes that are known for their protein cross-linking abilities. Transglutaminases have been investigated very little in female reproductive tissues. We hypothesized that transglutaminase proteins were present and active in the virgin rat uterus and cervix. In both tissues, real time RT-PCR identified transglutaminase 1,(More)
The transglutaminase (TG) family comprises eight isozymes that form the isopeptide bonds between glutamine and lysine residues and contribute to the fibrotic diseases via crosslinking-mediated stabilization of ECM and the activation of TGF-β in several tissues. However, despite a growing body of evidence implicating TG2 as a key enzyme in fibrosis, the(More)
Calcium-dependent transglutaminases (TGs) are a family of enzymes that catalyze protein cross-linking and/or attachment of primary amines in a variety of organisms. Mammalian TGs are implicated in multiple biological events such as skin formation, blood coagulation, and extracellular matrix stabilization. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) has been used as a model(More)
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