Kiyotaka Hitomi

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A human fibroblast cDNA expression library was screened for cDNA clones giving rise to flat colonies when transfected into v-Ki-ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. One such gene, RECK, encodes a membrane-anchored glycoprotein of about 110 kDa with multiple epidermal growth factor-like repeats and serine-protease inhibitor-like domains. While RECK mRNA is(More)
Cryptochromes regulate the circadian clock in animals and plants. Humans and mice have two cryptochrome (Cry) genes. A previous study showed that mice lacking the Cry2 gene had reduced sensitivity to acute light induction of the circadian gene mPer1 in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and had an intrinsic period 1 hr longer than normal. In this study,(More)
Mammalian transglutaminase (TGase) catalyzes covalent cross-linking of peptide-bound lysine residues or incorporation of primary amines to limited glutamine residues in substrate proteins. Using an unbiased M13 phage display random peptide library, we developed a screening system to elucidate primary structures surrounding reactive glutamine residue(s) that(More)
UV radiation induces two major classes of pyrimidine dimers: the pyrimidine [6-4] pyrimidone photoproduct (6-4 product) and the cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD). Many organisms produce enzymes, termed photolyases, that specifically bind to these damage products and split them via a UV-A/blue light-dependent mechanism, thereby reversing the damage. These(More)
Photolyase is a DNA repair enzyme that reverses UV-induced photoproducts in DNA in a light-dependent manner. Recently, photolyase homologs were identified in higher eukaryotes. These homologs, termed crypto-chromes, function as blue light photoreceptors or regulators of circadian rhythm. In contrast, most bacteria have only a single photolyase or(More)
Nuclear accumulation of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is an important step in TG2-dependent cell death. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for nuclear translocation of TG2 are still poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that acyclic retinoid (ACR) induced nuclear accumulation of TG2 in JHH-7 cells, a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) leading(More)
Macrophages activated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cytokines produce nitric oxide through the induction of iNOS gene expression. Ascorbate increased NOx (nitrite and nitrate) formation by approximately 40% in a mouse macrophage-like cell line, J774.1, activated with LPS and interferon-gamma. Ascorbate alone exhibited no inductive activity(More)
Transglutaminase 1 (TGase 1) is required for the formation of a cornified envelope in stratified squamous epithelia. Recombinant human TGase 1 expressed in baculovirus-infected cells was purified in a soluble form at the molecular mass of 92 kDa. Recombinant TGase 1 was susceptible to limited proteolysis by both mu- and m-calpains, the calcium-dependent(More)
Skin functions as a stable, physical and chemical barrier from environmental influences. The cornified cell envelope (CE) is a critical structure for barrier function at the outermost layer of the skin epidermis. For CE formation in terminal keratinocyte differentiation, covalent cross-linking of constituting proteins such as involucrin, loricrin, small(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), one of the major products of membrane lipid peroxidation, has been shown recently to be present in a form covalently attached to proteins in the renal proximal tubules of rats treated with a renal carcinogen, ferric nitrilotriacetate (Toyokuni, S., et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 2616-2620; Uchida, K., et al. (1995)(More)