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Only a small proportion of the mouse genome is transcribed into mature messenger RNA transcripts. There is an international collaborative effort to identify all full-length mRNA transcripts from the mouse, and to ensure that each is represented in a physical collection of clones. Here we report the manual annotation of 60,770 full-length mouse complementary(More)
Bone resorption is regulated by the immune system, where T-cell expression of RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand), a member of the tumour-necrosis factor family that is essential for osteoclastogenesis, may contribute to pathological conditions, such as autoimmune arthritis. However, whether activated T cells maintain bone(More)
STUDY DESIGN In vivo intradiscal pressure measurement in different postures in healthy individuals and in those with ongoing back problems. OBJECTIVES With the most recent technique, 1) to analyze the influence of degeneration on the intradiscal pressure, 2) to calculate the spinal load on the L4-L5 intervertebral discs, and 3) to assess the relation(More)
We examined the propagation of an infectious disease and the eventual extinction of the host population in a lattice-structured population. Both the host colonization and pathogen transmission processes are assumed to be restricted to act between the nearest neighbor sites. The model is analyzed by an improved version of pair approximation (IPA). Pair(More)
A high-resolution transcript linkage map of barley was created using a single doubled haploid (DH) mapping population, only 3′-end expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and only PCR-based assays. Cultivar ‘Haruna Nijo’ and an ancestral wild-form accession ‘H602’ were used as EST donors and crossing parents of the mapping population. Of the 10 366 primer sets(More)
Here we report the cloning and functional characterization of a rat novel peptide/histidine transporter (PHT1), which was expressed in the brain and the retina. The cDNA encodes the predicted protein of 572 amino acid residues with 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. The amino acid sequence has moderate homology with a nonspecific peptide transporter(More)
In the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily, the opioid receptor subfamily is constituted of the three distinct opioid receptors (namely delta-, mu- and kappa-subtypes) and the receptor for nociceptin (also designated orphaninFQ). The members of the opioid receptor subfamily were known to mediate a variety of cellular inhibitory effects. The three opioid(More)
The basic mechanisms of sweat gland function and an updated review of some relatively common disorders of sweat secretion, are presented. Although sweat secretion and ductal absorption are basically biophysical and biologic cellular processes, a detailed description of the basic biophysical principles of membrane transport has been avoided to make the(More)
A novel extracellular Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) was isolated from a moss, Barbula unguiculata. The SOD was a glycoprotein; the apparent molecular mass of its native form was 120 kDa, as estimated by gel filtration chromatography, and that of its monomer was 22,072 Da, as estimated by time of flight mass spectroscopy. The protein had manganese with a(More)