Kiyoshi Sasaki

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Melanophore-stimulating hormone (MSH) has been shown to be associated with food intake in addition to body color change in teleosts. MSH is encoded by a proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene together with endorphin (END). To assess the significance of MSH to biological activities, we determined the structure and evaluated the expression of POMC mRNA in barfin(More)
The cell transformation assays (CTAs) have attracted attention within the field of alternative methods due to their potential to reduce the number of animal experiments in the field of carcinogenicity. The CTA using BALB/c 3T3 cells has proved to be able to respond to chemical carcinogens by inducing morphologically transformed foci. Although a considerable(More)
Cell transformation assay using BALB/c 3T3 cells, C3H10T1/2 cells and others, can simulate the two-stage carcinogenesis utilized for formation of transformed foci. A sensitive cell transformation assay for tumor initiators as well as promoters has been developed using a v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/c 3T3 cell line, Bhas 42; these cells are regarded as(More)
It has become an important task to develop a simple in vitro method for the detection of non-genotoxic carcinogens, among which tumor promoters are included. Bhas 42 cells are v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/c 3T3 cells and are regarded as initiated cells in the 2-stage transformation paradigm. We designed a method for detecting tumor promoters by the use of Bhas(More)
Cell transformation assays (CTAs) have long been proposed as in vitro methods for the identification of potential chemical carcinogens. Despite showing good correlation with rodent bioassay data, concerns over the subjective nature of using morphological criteria for identifying transformed cells and a lack of understanding of the mechanistic basis of the(More)
Extensive studies on the safety evaluation of chemicals have indicated that a considerable number of non-genotoxic chemicals are carcinogenic. Tumour promoters are likely to be among these non-genotoxic carcinogens, and their detection is considered to be an important approach to the prevention of cancer. In this review, the results are summarised for in(More)
The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is a short-term system using a clone of the BALB/c 3T3 cells transfected with an oncogenic murine ras gene (v-Ha-ras). The assay has previously been reported to be capable of detecting the tumor-initiating and tumor-promoting activities of chemical carcinogens according to the different protocols, an initiation assay(More)
The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is a sensitive short-term system for predicting chemical carcinogenicity. Bhas 42 cells were established from BALB/c 3T3 cells by the transfection of v-Ha-ras gene and postulated to have acquired an initiated state in the two-stage carcinogenesis theory. The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is capable of detecting both(More)
This catalogue is a display of focus photos representative of the BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay (CTA). It is intended as a visual aid for the identification and the scoring of foci in the conduct of the assay. A proper training from experienced personnel together with the protocol reported in this issue and the present photo catalogue will support(More)
The present protocol has been developed for the BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay (CTA), following the prevalidation study coordinated by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM) and reported in this issue (Tanaka et al. [16]). Based upon the experience gained from this effort and as suggested by the Validation Management(More)