Kiyoshi Okado

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A critical stage in malaria transmission occurs in the Anopheles mosquito midgut, when the malaria parasite, Plasmodium, ingested with blood, first makes contact with the gut epithelial surface. To understand the response mechanisms within the midgut environment, including those influenced by resident microbiota against Plasmodium, we focus on a midgut(More)
Hosts employ a combination of two distinct yet compatible strategies to defend themselves against parasites: resistance, the ability to limit parasite burden, and tolerance, the ability to limit damage caused by a given parasite burden. Animals typically exhibit considerable genetic variation in resistance to a variety of pathogens; however, little is known(More)
Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria and lymphatic filariasis, are co-endemic in large parts of the world. To develop a multiplex amplification method for the simultaneous detection of multiple insect-borne infectious diseases, we used LAMP with fluorescently labeled primers to identify the SPECT2 gene of Plasmodium berghei and the cytochrome oxidase(More)
Genetic variation in susceptibility to pathogens is a central concern both to medicine and agriculture and to the evolution of animals. Here, we have investigated the link between such natural genetic variation and the immune response in wild-type Drosophila melanogaster, a major model organism for immunological research. We found that within nine wild-type(More)
For effective control of pathogen-transmitting mosquitoes, precise surveillance data of mosquito distribution are essential. Recently, an increase of insecticide resistance due to the kdr mutation in Anopheles gambiae, a mosquito that transmits the malaria parasite, has been reported. With the aim of developing a simple and effective method for surveying(More)
Upon microbial invasion the innate immune system of Drosophila melanogaster mounts a response that comes in two distinct but complimentary forms, humoral and cellular. A screen to find genes capable of conferring resistance to the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus upon ectopic expression in immune response tissues uncovered imd gene. This resistance was(More)
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